Spheniscidae – Penguins

Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus) by Bob-Nan

Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus) by Bob-Nan

For not all flesh is the same, but there is one kind for humans, another for animals, another for birds, and another for fish. (1 Corinthians 15:39 ESV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – SPHENISCIFORMES, Family – Spheniscidae – Penguins

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (18)

King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus)
Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri)
Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua)
Adelie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae)
Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus)
Fiordland Penguin (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus)
Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus)
Erect-crested Penguin (Eudyptes sclateri)
Southern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome)
Northern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes moseleyi)
Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli)
Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus)
Yellow-eyed Penguin (Megadyptes antipodes)
Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus)
Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus)
Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)
Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
William Kwong’s Galleries

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Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings act as flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They spend about half of their lives on land and half in the oceans.

Although all penguin species are native to the southern hemisphere, they are not found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin live so far south. Several species are found in the temperate zone, and one species, the Galápagos Penguin, lives near the equator.

The largest living species is the Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri): on average adults are about 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) tall and weigh 35 kg (75 lb) or more. The smallest penguin species is the Little Blue Penguin (Eudyptula minor), also known as the Fairy Penguin, which stands around 40 cm tall (16 in) and weighs 1 kg (2.2 lb). Among extant penguins, larger penguins inhabit colder regions, while smaller penguins are generally found in temperate or even tropical climates. (Wikipedia with editing)

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:



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