Caprimulgidae – Nightjars

Nighthawk by Neil Addy Gallery

Nighthawk by Neil Addy Gallery

And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, (Deuteronomy 14:15 KJV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – CAPRIMULGIFORMES, Family – Caprimulgidae – Nightjars


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (99)

Spotted Nightjar (Eurostopodus argus) IBC
White-throated Nightjar (Eurostopodus mystacalis) by TTarrant – Video
Solomon’s Nightjar (Eurostopodus nigripennis) (New 3.4)
New Caledonian Nightjar (Eurostopodus exul) (New 3.4)
Satanic Nightjar (Eurostopodus diabolicus) IBC
Papuan Nightjar (Eurostopodus papuensis) Drawing Fery Liuw
Archbold’s Nightjar (Eurostopodus archboldi) WBInfo
Malaysian Eared Nightjar (Lyncornis temminckii) OBI
Great Eared Nightjar (Lyncornis macrotis) IBC
____ (Lyncornis macrotis cerviniceps) Video IBC
____ (Lyncornis macrotis macropterus) Video IBC
Collared Nightjar (Gactornis enarratus) by DavesBP
Nacunda Nighthawk (Chordeiles nacunda) by R Scanlon
Least Nighthawk (Chordeiles pusillus) IBC
Sand-colored Nighthawk (Chordeiles rupestris) ©AGrosset
Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis) by BirdPhotos
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) by Neal Addy
Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii) IBC
____ (Chordeiles gundlachii vicinus) IBC
____ (Chordeiles gundlachii gundlachii) IBC
Short-tailed Nighthawk (Lurocalis semitorquatus) IBC
____ (Lurocalis semitorquatus nattereri) IBC
Rufous-bellied Nighthawk (Lurocalis rufiventris) IBC
Band-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne leucopyga) IBC
Plain-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne vielliardi) IBC
Blackish Nightjar (Caprimulgus nigrescens) ©AGrosset
Pygmy Nightjar (Caprimulgus hirundinaceus) ©AGrosset
Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis) by BirdPhotos
____ (Nyctidromus albicollis merrilli) by BirdPhotos
____ (Nyctidromus albicollis intercedens) IBC
____ (Nyctidromus albicollis derbyanus) IBC
Anthony’s Nightjar (Nyctidromus anthonyi) BirdingReports
Todd’s Nightjar (Setopagis heterura) WBInfo
Little Nightjar (Setopagis parvula) IBC
Roraiman Nightjar (Setopagis whitelyi) Drawing WorldBirds
Cayenne Nightjar (Setopagis maculosa) Drawing WBInfo
Sickle-winged Nightjar (Eleothreptus anomalus) IBC
White-winged Nightjar (Eleothreptus candicans) ©AGrosset
Band-winged Nightjar (Systellura longirostris) IBC
____ (Systellura longirostris ruficervix) IBC
‘Tschudi’s’ Nightjar (Systellura decussata)
Swallow-tailed Nightjar (Uropsalis segmentata) IBC
____ (Uropsalis segmentata segmentata) IBC
Lyre-tailed Nightjar (Uropsalis lyra) by Michael Woodruff
____ (Uropsalis lyra lyra) Video IBC
____ (Uropsalis lyra peruana) by BirdPhotos
White-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis cayennensis) by Ian
Spot-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis maculicaudus) IBC
Ladder-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis climacocerca)©AGrosset – Video by Keith
____ (Hydropsalis climacocerca climacocerca) by BirdPhotos
____ (Hydropsalis climacocerca canescens) IBC
Scissor-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis torquata)©AGrosset
____ (Hydropsalis torquata torquata) Video IBC
____ (Hydropsalis torquata furcifer) Video IBC
Long-trained Nightjar (Macropsalis forcipata) IBC
Least Poorwill (Siphonorhis brewsteri) Drawing WorldBirds
Jamaican Poorwill (Siphonorhis americana†) ©WikiC
Choco Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi) WBInfo
Eared Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus mcleodii) Drawing WorldBirds
Yucatan Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus)  Drawing WorldBirds
Ocellated Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus ocellatus) IBC
____ (Nyctiphrynus ocellatus ocellatus) IBC
Common Poorwill (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii) by BirdPhotos
____ (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii adustus) IBC
Chuck-will’s-widow (Antrostomus carolinensis) ©USGS
Rufous Nightjar (Antrostomus rufus) IBC
____ (Antrostomus rufus rufus) IBC
Cuban Nightjar (Antrostomus cubanensis) IBC
Hispaniolan Nightjar (Antrostomus ekmani) Drawing WorldBirds
Tawny-collared Nightjar (Antrostomus salvini) Drawing WorldBirds
Yucatan Nightjar (Antrostomus badius) IBC
Silky-tailed Nightjar (Antrostomus sericocaudatus) IBC
Buff-collared Nightjar (Antrostomus ridgwayi) IBC
Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus) by Judd Paterson
Mexican Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus arizonae)
Puerto Rican Nightjar (Antrostomus noctitherus) IBC
Dusky Nightjar (Antrostomus saturatus) IBC
Brown Nightjar (Veles binotatus) Drawing WBInfo
Red-necked Nightjar (Caprimulgus ruficollis) by Ian
Jungle Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus) IBC
Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka) by Nikhil Devasar
Palau Nightjar (Caprimulgus phalaena) (New 3.4)
European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus) by BirdPhotos
Sombre Nightjar (Caprimulgus fraenatus) IBC
Rufous-cheeked Nightjar (Caprimulgus rufigena) by BirdPhotos
Egyptian Nightjar (Caprimulgus aegyptius)
____ (Caprimulgus aegyptius saharae)
____ (Caprimulgus aegyptius aegyptius) Video IBC
Sykes’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus mahrattensis) IBC
Vaurie’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus centralasicus) Drawing CollinsBirds
Nubian Nightjar (Caprimulgus nubicus) IBC
Golden Nightjar (Caprimulgus eximius) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus eximius simplicior) IBC
Jerdon’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus atripennis) Video IBC
____ (Caprimulgus atripennis atripennis) IBC
Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus) by Nikhil Devasar – by BirdPhotos
____ (Caprimulgus macrurus albonotatus) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus macrurus bimaculatus) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus macrurus schlegelii) Video IBC
Mees’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus meesi) OBI
Andaman Nightjar (Caprimulgus andamanicus) OBI
Philippine Nightjar (Caprimulgus manillensis) IBC
Sulawesi Nightjar (Caprimulgus celebensis) OBI
Donaldson Smith’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus donaldsoni) IBC
Black-shouldered Nightjar (Caprimulgus nigriscapularis) IBC
Fiery-necked Nightjar (Caprimulgus pectoralis) by BirdPhotos
____ (Caprimulgus pectoralis crepusculans) Video Keith Blomerley
Montane Nightjar (Caprimulgus poliocephalus) IBC
Ruwenzori Nightjar (Caprimulgus ruwenzorii) Video IBC
Indian Nightjar (Caprimulgus asiaticus) by Peter Ericsson
____ (Caprimulgus asiaticus asiaticus) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus asiaticus eidos) Video IBC
Madagascan Nightjar (Caprimulgus madagascariensis) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus madagascariensis madagascariensis) IBC
Swamp Nightjar (Caprimulgus natalensis) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus natalensis natalensis) Video IBC
Nechisar Nightjar (Caprimulgus solala) Wing WBInfo
Plain Nightjar (Caprimulgus inornatus) IBC
Star-spotted Nightjar (Caprimulgus stellatus) IBC
Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis) by Nikhil Devasar
____ (Caprimulgus affinis monticolus) Video IBC
____ (Caprimulgus affinis amoyensis) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus affinis stictomus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Caprimulgus affinis affinis) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus affinis propinquus) Video IBC
Freckled Nightjar (Caprimulgus tristigma) IBC – Video
____ (Caprimulgus tristigma tristigma) Video IBC
____ (Caprimulgus tristigma lentiginosus) IBC
Bonaparte’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus concretus) Video IBC
Salvadori’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus pulchellus) OBI
Prigogine’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus prigoginei) Drawing WBInfo
Bates’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus batesi) Drawing WorldBirds
Long-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus climacurus) IBC
____ (Caprimulgus climacurus climacurus) Video IBC
____ (Caprimulgus climacurus sclateri) Video IBC
Slender-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus clarus) by BirdPhotos
Square-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus fossii) by BirdPhotos
Standard-winged Nightjar (Caprimulgus longipennis) IBC
Pennant-winged Nightjar (Caprimulgus vexillarius) IBC

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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen.

©Arthur Grosset’s Birds
BirdsInFocus (Judd Patterson)
BirdPhotos
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Keith Blomerley – Videographer
Michael Woodruff’s Fotostream
Neal Addy Galleries
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery-II
Peter Ericsson’s Gallery
Robert Scanlon’s Gallery
Tom Tarrant’s Aveceda


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Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal or crepuscular birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills. They are sometimes referred to as goatsuckers from the mistaken belief that they suck milk from goats (the Latin for goatsucker is Caprimulgus). Some New World species are named as nighthawks. Nightjars usually nest on the ground.

Nightjars are found around the world. They are mostly active in the late evening and early morning or at night, and feed predominantly on moths and other large flying insects.

Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is cryptically coloured to resemble bark or leaves. Some species, unusual for birds, perch along a branch, rather than across it. This helps to conceal them during the day. Bracken is their preferred habitat. (Wikipedia with editing)

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