Odontophoridae – New World Quail

California Quail (Callipepla californica) by Ian

California Quail (Callipepla californica) by Ian

So it came about at evening that the quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. (Exodus 16:13 NASB)


CLASS – AVES, Order – GALLIFORMES, Family – Odontophoridae – New World Quail


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (34)
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Stone Partridge (Ptilopachus petrosus)
Nahan’s Partridge (Ptilopachus nahani)
Bearded Wood Partridge (Dendrortyx barbatus)
Long-tailed Wood Partridge (Dendrortyx macroura)
Buffy-crowned Wood Partridge (Dendrortyx leucophrys)
Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)
Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata)
Elegant Quail (Callipepla douglasii)
California Quail (Callipepla californica)
Gambel’s Quail (Callipepla gambelii)
Banded Quail (Philortyx fasciatus)
Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
Yucatan Bobwhite (Colinus nigrogularis)
Spot-bellied Bobwhite (Colinus leucopogon)
Crested Bobwhite (Colinus cristatus)
Marbled Wood Quail (Odontophorus gujanensis)
Spot-winged Wood Quail (Odontophorus capueira)
Black-eared Wood Quail (Odontophorus melanotis)
Rufous-fronted Wood Quail (Odontophorus erythrops)
Black-fronted Wood Quail (Odontophorus atrifrons)
Chestnut Wood Quail (Odontophorus hyperythrus)
Dark-backed Wood Quail (Odontophorus melanonotus)
Rufous-breasted Wood Quail (Odontophorus speciosus)
Tacarcuna Wood Quail (Odontophorus dialeucos)
Gorgeted Wood Quail (Odontophorus strophium)
Venezuelan Wood Quail (Odontophorus columbianus)
Black-breasted Wood Quail (Odontophorus leucolaemus)
Stripe-faced Wood Quail (Odontophorus balliviani)
Starred Wood Quail (Odontophorus stellatus)
Spotted Wood Quail (Odontophorus guttatus)
Singing Quail (Dactylortyx thoracicus)
Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae)
Ocellated Quail (Cyrtonyx ocellatus)
Tawny-faced Quail (Rhynchortyx cinctus)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Arthur Grosset’s Birds
Dave’s BirdingPix


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The New World quails or Odontophorids are small birds only distantly related to the Old World Quails, but named for their similar appearance and habits. The American species are in their own family Odontophoridae, whereas Old World Quail are in the pheasant family Phasianidae. The family ranges from Canada through to southern Brazil, and two species, the California Quail and the Bobwhite Quail, have been successfully introduced to New Zealand. A variety of habitats are used by the family from tropical rainforest to deserts, although few species are capable of surviving at very low temperatures. There are 32 species in nine genera.

New World quails are generally short winged, necked and tailed (although the genus Dendrortyx is long-tailed). The bills are short, slightly curved and serrated. The legs are short and powerful, and lack the spurs of many Old World galliforms. Although they are capable of short bursts of strong flight New World quails prefer to walk, and will run from danger (or hide), taking off explosively only as a last resort. Plumage varies from dull to spectacular, and many species have ornamental crests or plumes on the head. There is moderate sexual dichromisim in plumage, with males having brighter plumage.

Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:


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