Rallidae – Rails, Crakes & Coots

Clappper Rail at Merritt Is. NWR

Clappper Rail (Rallus longirostris) at Merritt Is. NWR by Lee

who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth and makes us wiser than the birds of the heavens?’ (Job 35:11 ESV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – GRUIFORMES, Family – Rallidae – Rails, Crakes & Coots

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (156)

Nkulengu Rail (Himantornis haematopus) IBC
Swinhoe’s Rail (Coturnicops exquisitus) Drawing ©WikiC
Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis) ©WikiC
Speckled Rail (Coturnicops notatus) Drawing ©WikiC
Ocellated Crake (Micropygia schomburgkii) ©Drawing WikiC
Chestnut Forest Rail (Rallicula rubra) ©WikiC
White-striped Forest Rail (Rallicula leucospila) WBInfo
Forbes’s Forest Rail (Rallicula forbesi) ©WikiC Drawing
Mayr’s Forest Rail (Rallicula mayri) WBInfo
Red-necked Crake (Rallina tricolor) ©WikiC
Andaman Crake (Rallina canningi) Drawing ©WikiC
Red-legged Crake (Rallina fasciata) ©WikiC
Slaty-legged Crake (Rallina eurizonoides) ©WikiC
____ (Rallina eurizonoides telmatophila) by BirdPhotos
Chestnut-headed Crake (Anurolimnas castaneiceps) ©Drawing WikiC
Russet-crowned Crake (Laterallus viridis)
Black-banded Crake (Laterallus fasciatus) ©Drawing WikiC
Rufous-sided Crake (Laterallus melanophaius) IBC
Rusty-flanked Crake (Laterallus levraudi) IBC
Ruddy Crake (Laterallus ruber) IBC Video
White-throated Crake (Laterallus albigularis) IBC
Grey-breasted Crake (Laterallus exilis) IBC
Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis) IBC
Galapagos Crake (Laterallus spilonota) IBC
Red-and-white Crake (Laterallus leucopyrrhus) by Bird Photos
Rufous-faced Crake (Laterallus xenopterus) ARKive
Bar-winged Rail (Nesoclopeus poecilopterus) Stamp
Woodford’s Rail (Nesoclopeus woodfordi) IBC
Weka (Gallirallus australis) IBC
Calayan Rail (Gallirallus calayanensis) OBI
New Caledonian Rail (Gallirallus lafresnayanus) ©Drawing WikiC
Lord Howe Woodhen (Gallirallus sylvestris) ©WikiC
Okinawa Rail (Gallirallus okinawae) OBI
Barred Rail (Gallirallus torquatus) OBI
Pink-legged Rail (Gallirallus insignis) ©Drawing WikiC
Tahiti Rail (Gallirallus pacificus) ©Drawing WikiC
Buff-banded Rail (Gallirallus philippensis) by Ian – Article
Guam Rail (Gallirallus owstoni) by BirdPhotos
Wake Island Rail (Gallirallus wakensis) ©WikiC
Roviana Rail (Gallirallus rovianae) WBInfo
Dieffenbach’s Rail (Gallirallus dieffenbachii) ©Drawing WikiC
Chatham Rail (Gallirallus modestus) ©Drawing WikiC
Slaty-breasted Rail (Gallirallus striatus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Gallirallus striatus albiventer) by BirdPhotos
Hawkins’s Rail (Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi) † Drawing MofNZ
Mangrove Rail (Rallus longirostris) by Lee (4.4)
Clapper Rail (Rallus crepitans) by Lee (4.4)
Ridgway’s (Rallus obsoletus levipes) by BirdPhotos (4.4)
King Rail (Rallus elegans) by SSlayton
____ (Rallus elegans elegans) by BirdPhotos
Aztec Rail (Rallius tenuirostris) (4.4)
Plain-flanked Rail (Rallus wetmorei) IBC
Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola) ©WikiC
____ (Rallus limicola limicola) by BirdPhotos
Ecuadorian Rail (Rallus aequatorialis) IBC
Bogota Rail (Rallus semiplumbeus) IBC
Austral Rail (Rallus antarcticus) IBC
Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus) ©WikiC
____ (Rallus aquaticus aquaticus) by BirdPhotos
Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus) OBI
African Rail (Rallus caerulescens) ©WikiC
Madagascan Rail (Rallus madagascariensis) by Daves BirdingPix
Brown-banded Rail (Lewinia mirifica) OBI
Lewin’s Rail (Lewinia pectoralis) IBC
Auckland Rail (Lewinia muelleri) Specimen MofNZ
White-throated Rail (Dryolimnas cuvieri) IBC
Reunion Rail (Dryolimnas augusti) Extinction
Red Rail (Aphanapteryx bonasia) ©Painting WikiC Extinct
Rodrigues Rail (Erythromachus leguati) ©Drawing WikiC
African Crake (Crex egregia) IBC
Corn Crake (Crex crex) by BirdPhotos
Rouget’s Rail (Rougetius rougetii) IBC
Snoring Rail (Aramidopsis plateni) ©Drawing WikiC
Ascension Crake (Mundia elpenor) ©Drawing WikiC Extinct
St. Helena Rail (Aphanocrex podarces) AStudio
Inaccessible Island Rail (Atlantisia rogersi) IBC Video
Little Wood Rail (Aramides mangle) IBC
Rufous-necked Wood Rail (Aramides axillaris) IBC
Grey-necked Wood Rail (Aramides cajaneus) IBC
____ (Aramides cajaneus cajanea) by BirdPhotos
Rufous-naped Wood Rail (Aramides albiventris) by BirdPhotos
Brown Wood Rail (Aramides wolfi) Drawing WorldBirds
Giant Wood Rail (Aramides ypecaha) by BirdPhotos
Slaty-breasted Wood Rail (Aramides saracura) IBC
Red-winged Wood Rail (Aramides calopterus) ©Drawing WikiC
Uniform Crake (Amaurolimnas concolor) IBC
Blue-faced Rail (Gymnocrex rosenbergii) ©Drawing WikiC
Talaud Rail (Gymnocrex talaudensis) WorldBirds
Bare-eyed Rail (Gymnocrex plumbeiventris) ©Drawing WikiC
Brown Crake (Amaurornis akool) by Nikhil
Isabelline Bush-hen (Amaurornis isabellina) OBI
Plain Bush-hen (Amaurornis olivacea) OBI
Pale-vented Bush-hen (Amaurornis moluccana) by Ian
Talaud Bush-hen (Amaurornis magnirostris) OBI
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus) by Nikhil
Black Crake (Amaurornis flavirostra) by Daves BirdingPix
Sakalava Rail (Amaurornis olivieri) IBC
St. Helena Crake (Porzana astrictocarpus) † Extinct
Black-tailed Crake (Porzana bicolor) by Ian
Little Crake (Porzana parva) by BirdPhotos
Baillon’s Crake (Porzana pusilla) by Nikhil Devasar – Article
____ (Porzana pusilla intermedia) by BirdPhotos
Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana) by BirdPhotos
Australian Crake (Porzana fluminea) by Ian
Sora (Porzana carolina) by Bob-Nan – *LLABS*
Dot-winged Crake (Porzana spiloptera) IBC
Ash-throated Crake (Porzana albicollis) IBC
Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca) by BirdPhotos
Band-bellied Crake (Porzana paykullii) IBC
Spotless Crake (Porzana tabuensis) – Article
Tahiti Crake (Porzana nigra) ©Drawing WikiC Extinct
Kosrae Crake (Porzana monasa) ©Drawing WikiC Extinct
Henderson Crake (Porzana atra) IBC
Hawaiian Rail (Porzana sandwichensis) ©Drawing WikiC Extinct
Laysan Rail (Porzana palmeri) ©WikiC Extinct
Yellow-breasted Crake (Porzana flaviventer) IBC
White-browed Crake (Porzana cinerea) by BirdPhotos
Striped Crake (Aenigmatolimnas marginalis) BDexplorer
Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai) ©WikiC
Colombian Crake (Neocrex colombiana) FJocotoco
Paint-billed Crake (Neocrex erythrops) IBC
Spotted Rail (Pardirallus maculatus) IBC
____ (Pardirallus maculatus maculatus) by BirdPhotos
Blackish Rail (Pardirallus nigricans) IBC
Plumbeous Rail (Pardirallus sanguinolentus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Pardirallus sanguinolentus simonsi) by BirdPhotos
Chestnut Rail (Eulabeornis castaneoventris) by Ian
Invisible Rail (Habroptila wallacii) IBC
New Guinea Flightless Rail (Megacrex inepta) IBC
Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea) ©WikiC
Western Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) by Bob-Nan
African Swamphen (Porphyrio madagascariensis) by BirdPhotos
Grey-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus)
Black-backed Swamphen (Porphyrio indicus)
Philippine Swamphen (Porphyrio pulverulentus)
Australasian Swamphen (Porphyrio melanotus)
White Swamphen (Porphyrio albus) † Extinct ©WikiC
North Island Takahe (Porphyrio mantelli) † Extinct ©WikiC
South Island Takahe (Porphyrio hochstetteri) by Nick Talbot
Allen’s Gallinule (Porphyrio alleni) by BirdPhotos
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica) by DansPix – Video by Lee  *LLABS*
Azure Gallinule (Porphyrio flavirostris) by Daves BirdingPix
Samoan Woodhen (Gallinula pacifica) Naturalis – Draw Oiseaux
Makira Woodhen (Gallinula silvestris) Stamp
Tristan Moorhen (Gallinula nesiotis) IBC
Gough Moorhen (Gallinula comeri) IBC
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) and Baby by Lee – *LLABS*
Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata) IBC Video
Dusky Moorhen (Gallinula tenebrosa) by Ian
____ (Gallinula tenebrosa tenebrosa) by BirdPhotos
Lesser Moorhen (Paragallinula angulata) IBC
Spot-flanked Gallinule (Porphyriops melanops) by BirdPhotos
Black-tailed Nativehen (Tribonyx ventralis) IBC
Tasmanian Nativehen (Tribonyx mortierii) by BirdPhotos
Red-knobbed Coot (Fulica cristata) by BirdPhotos
Mascarene Coot (Fulica newtonii) † Extinct ©Drawing WikiC
Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) by Ian
____ (Fulica atra australis) by BirdPhotos
Hawaiian Coot (Fulica alai) by Daves BirdingPix
American Coot (Fulica americana) By Lee – *LLABS*
White-winged Coot (Fulica leucoptera) by BirdPhotos
Andean Coot (Fulica ardesiaca) by BirdPhotos
Red-gartered Coot (Fulica armillata) by BirdPhotos
Red-fronted Coot (Fulica rufifrons) IBC
Giant Coot (Fulica gigantea) IBC
Horned Coot (Fulica cornuta) IBC


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen. ** Need Photo ** If you can help with a link to a needed photo, please leave a comment.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:

Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery-II
SSlayton – Fotobirder at Smugmug

Back to Family Page – CLICK HERE

Articles Mentioning Birds From This Family:

Other Websites that have photos of this Family:

The rails, or Rallidae, are a large cosmopolitan family of small- to medium-sized birds. The family exhibits considerable diversity and also includes the crakes, coots, and gallinules. Many species are associated with wetlands, although the family is found in every terrestrial habitat except dry deserts, polar regions, and alpine areas above the snow line. Members of the Rallidae occur on every continent except Antarctica. There are numerous island species. The most common rail habitats are marshland or dense forest. They are especially fond of dense vegetation.

Some of the Family:

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