Rallidae – Rails, Crakes & Coots

Clappper Rail at Merritt Is. NWR

Clappper Rail (Rallus longirostris) at Merritt Is. NWR by Lee

who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth and makes us wiser than the birds of the heavens?’ (Job 35:11 ESV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – GRUIFORMES, Family – Rallidae – Rails, Crakes & Coots


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (155)

Nkulengu Rail (Himantornis haematopus)
Swinhoe’s Rail (Coturnicops exquisitus)
Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis)
Speckled Rail (Coturnicops notatus)
Ocellated Crake (Micropygia schomburgkii)
Chestnut Forest Rail (Rallicula rubra)
White-striped Forest Rail (Rallicula leucospila)
Forbes’s Forest Rail (Rallicula forbesi)
Mayr’s Forest Rail (Rallicula mayri)
Red-necked Crake (Rallina tricolor)
Andaman Crake (Rallina canningi)
Red-legged Crake (Rallina fasciata)
Slaty-legged Crake (Rallina eurizonoides)
Chestnut-headed Crake (Anurolimnas castaneiceps)
Russet-crowned Crake (Laterallus viridis)
Black-banded Crake (Laterallus fasciatus)
Rufous-sided Crake (Laterallus melanophaius)
Rusty-flanked Crake (Laterallus levraudi)
Ruddy Crake (Laterallus ruber)
White-throated Crake (Laterallus albigularis)
Grey-breasted Crake (Laterallus exilis)
Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis)
Galapagos Crake (Laterallus spilonota)
Red-and-white Crake (Laterallus leucopyrrhus)
Rufous-faced Crake (Laterallus xenopterus)
Bar-winged Rail (Nesoclopeus poecilopterus)
Woodford’s Rail (Nesoclopeus woodfordi)
Weka (Gallirallus australis)
Calayan Rail (Gallirallus calayanensis)
New Caledonian Rail (Gallirallus lafresnayanus)
Lord Howe Woodhen (Gallirallus sylvestris)
Okinawa Rail (Gallirallus okinawae)
Barred Rail (Gallirallus torquatus)
Pink-legged Rail (Gallirallus insignis)
Tahiti Rail (Gallirallus pacificus)
Buff-banded Rail (Gallirallus philippensis)
Guam Rail (Gallirallus owstoni)
Wake Island Rail (Gallirallus wakensis)
Roviana Rail (Gallirallus rovianae)
Dieffenbach’s Rail (Gallirallus dieffenbachii)
Chatham Rail (Gallirallus modestus)
Slaty-breasted Rail (Gallirallus striatus)
Hawkins’s Rail (Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi)
Mangrove Rail (Rallus longirostris)
Clapper Rail (Rallus crepitans)
Ridgway’s Rail (Rallus obsoletus)
King Rail (Rallus elegans)
Aztec Rail (Rallus tenuirostris)
Plain-flanked Rail (Rallus wetmorei)
Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola)
Ecuadorian Rail (Rallus aequatorialis)
Bogota Rail (Rallus semiplumbeus)
Austral Rail (Rallus antarcticus)
Water Rail (Rallus aquaticus)
Brown-cheeked Rail (Rallus indicus)
African Rail (Rallus caerulescens)
Madagascan Rail (Rallus madagascariensis)
Brown-banded Rail (Lewinia mirifica)
Lewin’s Rail (Lewinia pectoralis)
Auckland Rail (Lewinia muelleri)
White-throated Rail (Dryolimnas cuvieri)
Reunion Rail (Dryolimnas augusti)
Red Rail (Aphanapteryx bonasia)
Rodrigues Rail (Erythromachus leguati)
African Crake (Crex egregia)
Corn Crake (Crex crex)
Rouget’s Rail (Rougetius rougetii)
Snoring Rail (Aramidopsis plateni)
Ascension Crake (Mundia elpenor)
St. Helena Rail (Aphanocrex podarces)
Inaccessible Island Rail (Atlantisia rogersi)
Little Wood Rail (Aramides mangle)
Rufous-necked Wood Rail (Aramides axillaris)
Grey-necked Wood Rail (Aramides cajaneus)
Rufous-naped Wood Rail (Aramides albiventris)
Brown Wood Rail (Aramides wolfi)
Giant Wood Rail (Aramides ypecaha)
Slaty-breasted Wood Rail (Aramides saracura)
Red-winged Wood Rail (Aramides calopterus)
Uniform Crake (Amaurolimnas concolor)
Blue-faced Rail (Gymnocrex rosenbergii)
Talaud Rail (Gymnocrex talaudensis)
Bare-eyed Rail (Gymnocrex plumbeiventris)
Brown Crake (Amaurornis akool)
Isabelline Bush-hen (Amaurornis isabellina)
Plain Bush-hen (Amaurornis olivacea)
Pale-vented Bush-hen (Amaurornis moluccana)
Talaud Bush-hen (Amaurornis magnirostris)
White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)
Black Crake (Amaurornis flavirostra)
Sakalava Rail (Amaurornis olivieri)
St. Helena Crake (Porzana astrictocarpus)
Black-tailed Crake (Porzana bicolor)
Little Crake (Porzana parva)
Baillon’s Crake (Porzana pusilla)
Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana)
Australian Crake (Porzana fluminea)
Sora (Porzana carolina)
Dot-winged Crake (Porzana spiloptera)
Ash-throated Crake (Porzana albicollis)
Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca)
Band-bellied Crake (Porzana paykullii)
Spotless Crake (Porzana tabuensis)
Tahiti Crake (Porzana nigra)
Kosrae Crake (Porzana monasa)
Henderson Crake (Porzana atra)
Hawaiian Rail (Porzana sandwichensis)
Laysan Rail (Porzana palmeri)
Yellow-breasted Crake (Porzana flaviventer)
White-browed Crake (Porzana cinerea)
Striped Crake (Aenigmatolimnas marginalis)
Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai)
Colombian Crake (Neocrex colombiana)
Paint-billed Crake (Neocrex erythrops)
Spotted Rail (Pardirallus maculatus)
Blackish Rail (Pardirallus nigricans)
Plumbeous Rail (Pardirallus sanguinolentus)
Chestnut Rail (Eulabeornis castaneoventris)
Invisible Rail (Habroptila wallacii)
New Guinea Flightless Rail (Megacrex inepta)
Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea)
Western Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio)
African Swamphen (Porphyrio madagascariensis)
Grey-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus)
Black-backed Swamphen (Porphyrio indicus)
Philippine Swamphen (Porphyrio pulverulentus)
Australasian Swamphen (Porphyrio melanotus)
White Swamphen (Porphyrio albus)
North Island Takahe (Porphyrio mantelli)
South Island Takahe (Porphyrio hochstetteri)
Allen’s Gallinule (Porphyrio alleni)
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica)
Azure Gallinule (Porphyrio flavirostris)
Samoan Woodhen (Gallinula pacifica)
Makira Woodhen (Gallinula silvestris)
Tristan Moorhen (Gallinula nesiotis)
Gough Moorhen (Gallinula comeri)
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata)
Dusky Moorhen (Gallinula tenebrosa)
Lesser Moorhen (Paragallinula angulata)
Spot-flanked Gallinule (Porphyriops melanops)
Black-tailed Nativehen (Tribonyx ventralis)
Tasmanian Nativehen (Tribonyx mortierii)
Red-knobbed Coot (Fulica cristata)
Mascarene Coot (Fulica newtonii)
Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra)
Hawaiian Coot (Fulica alai)
American Coot (Fulica americana)
White-winged Coot (Fulica leucoptera)
Andean Coot (Fulica ardesiaca)
Red-gartered Coot (Fulica armillata)
Red-fronted Coot (Fulica rufifrons)
Giant Coot (Fulica gigantea)
Horned Coot (Fulica cornuta)

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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:

BirdPhotos
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
SSlayton – Fotobirder at Smugmug


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Articles Mentioning Birds From This Family:

Other Websites that have photos of this Family:


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The rails, or Rallidae, are a large cosmopolitan family of small- to medium-sized birds. The family exhibits considerable diversity and also includes the crakes, coots, and gallinules. Many species are associated with wetlands, although the family is found in every terrestrial habitat except dry deserts, polar regions, and alpine areas above the snow line. Members of the Rallidae occur on every continent except Antarctica. There are numerous island species. The most common rail habitats are marshland or dense forest. They are especially fond of dense vegetation.
(Wikipedia)

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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