Grallariidae – Antpittas

Moustached Antpitta (Grallaria alleni) by Ian

Moustached Antpitta (Grallaria alleni) by Ian

Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: (Proverbs 6:6 KJV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Grallariidae – Antpittas

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (55)

Undulated Antpitta (Grallaria squamigera)
Giant Antpitta (Grallaria gigantea)
Great Antpitta (Grallaria excelsa)
Variegated Antpitta (Grallaria varia)
Moustached Antpitta (Grallaria alleni)
Scaled Antpitta (Grallaria guatimalensis)
Tachira Antpitta (Grallaria chthonia)
Plain-backed Antpitta (Grallaria haplonota)
Ochre-striped Antpitta (Grallaria dignissima)
Elusive Antpitta (Grallaria eludens)
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla)
Watkins’s Antpitta (Grallaria watkinsi)
Santa Marta Antpitta (Grallaria bangsi)
Cundinamarca Antpitta (Grallaria kaestneri)
Stripe-headed Antpitta (Grallaria andicolus)
Grey-naped Antpitta (Grallaria griseonucha)
Bicolored Antpitta (Grallaria rufocinerea)
Jocotoco Antpitta (Grallaria ridgelyi)
Chestnut-naped Antpitta (Grallaria nuchalis)
Pale-billed Antpitta (Grallaria carrikeri)
White-throated Antpitta (Grallaria albigula)
Yellow-breasted Antpitta (Grallaria flavotincta)
White-bellied Antpitta (Grallaria hypoleuca)
Rusty-tinged Antpitta (Grallaria przewalskii)
Bay Antpitta (Grallaria capitalis)
Red-and-white Antpitta (Grallaria erythroleuca)
Rufous Antpitta (Grallaria rufula)
Chestnut Antpitta (Grallaria blakei)
Tawny Antpitta (Grallaria quitensis)
Brown-banded Antpitta (Grallaria milleri)
Urrao Antpitta (Grallaria urraoensis)
Rufous-faced Antpitta (Grallaria erythrotis)
Streak-chested Antpitta (Hylopezus perspicillatus)
Spotted Antpitta (Hylopezus macularius)
Snethlage’s Antpitta (Hylopezus paraensis)
Alta Floresta Antpitta (Hylopezus whittakeri)
Masked Antpitta (Hylopezus auricularis)
Thicket Antpitta (Hylopezus dives)
White-lored Antpitta (Hylopezus fulviventris)
Amazonian Antpitta (Hylopezus berlepschi)
White-browed Antpitta (Hylopezus ochroleucus)
Speckle-breasted Antpitta (Hylopezus nattereri)
Thrush-like Antpitta (Myrmothera campanisona)
Tapajos Antpitta (Myrmothera subcanescens)
Tepui Antpitta (Myrmothera simplex)
Ochre-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula flavirostris)
Scallop-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula loricata)
Hooded Antpitta (Grallaricula cucullata)
Peruvian Antpitta (Grallaricula peruviana)
Ochre-fronted Antpitta (Grallaricula ochraceifrons)
Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus)
Rufous-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula leymebambae)
Slaty-crowned Antpitta (Grallaricula nana)
Sucre Antpitta (Grallaricula cumanensis)
Crescent-faced Antpitta (Grallaricula lineifrons)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Keith Blomerley – Videographer
Michael Woodruff’s Fotostream

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Grallariidae is a family of smallish passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America known as antpittas. They are related to the antbirds, Thamnophilidae, and gnateaters, Conopophagidae. They were also formerly placed in the Formicariidae, but studies by Rice (2005) indicated a distinct family was supported. Both the North American and South American committees of the AOU recognized the family soon after. This family contains probably (see below) some 50 species in 1 large and four fairly small genera.

These are forest birds that tend to feed on insects at or near the ground since many are specialist ant eaters. Most are drab in appearance with shades of (rusty) brown, black, and white being their dominant tones. Compared to other birds that specialize in following ants, this family is the most tied to the ground. The long, powerful legs (which lend the birds a distinctive upright posture) and an essentially vestigial tail aid this lifestyle.

They lay two or three eggs in a nest in a tree, both sexes incubating. (Wikipedia with editing)



Plain-backed Antpitta (Grallaria haplonota) by Keith Blomerley

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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