Oriolidae – Figbirds, Orioles

Green Figbird (Sphecotheres viridis) by Ian

Green Figbird (Sphecotheres viridis) by Ian

Also, to every beast of the earth, to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food”; and it was so. (Genesis 1:30 NKJV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Oriolidae – Figbirds, Orioles


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (38)

Turnagra
North Island Piopio (Turnagra tanagra)
South Island Piopio (Turnagra capensis)
Sphecotheres
Green Figbird (Sphecotheres viridis)
Wetar Figbird (Sphecotheres hypoleucus)
Australasian Figbird (Sphecotheres vieilloti)
Pitohui
Northern Variable Pitohui (Pitohui kirhocephalus)
Raja Ampat Pitohui (Pitohui cerviniventris)
Southern Variable Pitohui (Pitohui uropygialis)
Hooded Pitohui (Pitohui dichrous)
Oriolus
Brown Oriole (Oriolus szalayi)
Dusky-brown Oriole (Oriolus phaeochromus)
Grey-collared Oriole (Oriolus forsteni)
Black-eared Oriole (Oriolus bouroensis)
Tanimbar Oriole (Oriolus decipiens)
Olive-brown Oriole (Oriolus melanotis)
Olive-backed Oriole (Oriolus sagittatus)
Green Oriole (Oriolus flavocinctus)
Dark-throated Oriole (Oriolus xanthonotus)
Philippine Oriole (Oriolus steerii)
White-lored Oriole (Oriolus albiloris)
Isabela Oriole (Oriolus isabellae)
Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)
Indian Golden Oriole (Oriolus kundoo)
African Golden Oriole (Oriolus auratus)
Slender-billed Oriole (Oriolus tenuirostris)
Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis)
Green-headed Oriole (Oriolus chlorocephalus)
Sao Tome Oriole (Oriolus crassirostris)
Western Oriole (Oriolus brachyrynchus)
Ethiopian Oriole (Oriolus monacha)
Mountain Oriole (Oriolus percivali)
Black-headed Oriole (Oriolus larvatus)
Black-winged Oriole (Oriolus nigripennis)
Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus)
Black Oriole (Oriolus hosii)
Black-and-crimson Oriole (Oriolus cruentus)
Maroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii)
Silver Oriole (Oriolus mellianus)

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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
BirdPhotos
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Nick Talbot
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
Tom Tarrant


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The family Oriolidae comprises the figbirds in the genus Sphecotheres, and the Old World orioles in the genus Oriolus. Several other genera have been proposed to split up the genus Oriolus. For example, the African black-headed species are sometimes placed in the genus Baruffius. In 2011 the genus Turnagra which contained two extinct species from New Zealand, the piopio, were found to be placed within this family. The family is not related to the New World orioles, which are icterids, family Icteridae.
Description

The orioles and figbirds are medium sized passerines, around 20–30 cm in length, with the females only slightly smaller than the males. The beak is slightly curved and hooked, and, except in the figbirds, as long again as the head. The plumage of most species is bright and showy, although the females often have duller plumage than the males do. The plumage of many Australasian orioles mimics that of friarbirds (a genus of large honeyeaters), probably to reduce aggression against the smaller orioles.

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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