Pycnonotidae – Bulbuls

Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) by TAJA

Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) by TAJA

Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird. (Proverbs 1:17 KJV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Pycnonotidae – Bulbuls

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (153)

Bare-faced Bulbul (Nok hualon)
Crested Finchbill (Spizixos canifrons)
Collared Finchbill (Spizixos semitorques)
Straw-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus zeylanicus)
Striated Bulbul (Pycnonotus striatus)
Cream-striped Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogrammicus)
Spot-necked Bulbul (Pycnonotus tympanistrigus)
Black-and-white Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanoleucos)
Grey-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus priocephalus)
Black-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus atriceps)
Andaman Bulbul (Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens)
Black-capped Bulbul (Pycnonotus melanicterus)
Black-crested Bulbul (Pycnonotus flaviventris)
Ruby-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus dispar)
Flame-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis)
Bornean Bulbul (Pycnonotus montis)
Scaly-breasted Bulbul (Pycnonotus squamatus)
Grey-bellied Bulbul (Pycnonotus cyaniventris)
Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)
Brown-breasted Bulbul (Pycnonotus xanthorrhous)
Light-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus sinensis)
Styan’s Bulbul (Pycnonotus taivanus)
Himalayan Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogenys)
White-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis)
Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)
Sooty-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster)
White-spectacled Bulbul (Pycnonotus xanthopygos)
African Red-eyed Bulbul (Pycnonotus nigricans)
Cape Bulbul (Pycnonotus capensis)
Common Bulbul (Pycnonotus barbatus)
Somali Bulbul (Pycnonotus somaliensis)
Dodson’s Bulbul (Pycnonotus dodsoni)
Dark-capped Bulbul (Pycnonotus tricolor)
Puff-backed Bulbul (Pycnonotus eutilotus)
Blue-wattled Bulbul (Pycnonotus nieuwenhuisii)
Yellow-wattled Bulbul (Pycnonotus urostictus)
Orange-spotted Bulbul (Pycnonotus bimaculatus)
Aceh Bulbul (Pycnonotus snouckaerti)
Stripe-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus finlaysoni)
Yellow-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus xantholaemus)
Yellow-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus penicillatus)
Flavescent Bulbul (Pycnonotus flavescens)
Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier)
White-browed Bulbul (Pycnonotus luteolus)
Olive-winged Bulbul (Pycnonotus plumosus)
Ashy-fronted Bulbul (Pycnonotus cinereifrons)
Cream-eyed Bulbul (Pycnonotus pseudosimplex)
Ayeyarwady Bulbul (Pycnonotus blanfordi)
Streak-eared Bulbul (Pycnonotus conradi)
Cream-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus simplex)
Asian Red-eyed Bulbul (Pycnonotus brunneus)
Spectacled Bulbul (Pycnonotus erythropthalmos)
Shelley’s Greenbul (Arizelocichla masukuensis)
Kakamega Greenbul (Arizelocichla kakamegae)
Cameroon Greenbul (Arizelocichla montana)
Western Greenbul (Arizelocichla tephrolaema)
Olive-breasted Greenbul (Arizelocichla kikuyuensis)
Mountain Greenbul (Arizelocichla nigriceps)
Uluguru Greenbul (Arizelocichla neumanni)
Black-browed Greenbul (Arizelocichla fusciceps)
Yellow-throated Greenbul (Arizelocichla chlorigula)
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul (Arizelocichla milanjensis)
Olive-headed Greenbul (Arizelocichla olivaceiceps)
Stripe-faced Greenbul (Arizelocichla striifacies)
Slender-billed Greenbul (Stelgidillas gracilirostris)
Little Greenbul (Eurillas virens)
Little Grey Greenbul (Eurillas gracilis)
Ansorge’s Greenbul (Eurillas ansorgei)
Plain Greenbul (Eurillas curvirostris)
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul (Eurillas latirostris)
Sombre Greenbul (Andropadus importunus)
Golden Greenbul (Calyptocichla serinus)
Honeyguide Greenbul (Baeopogon indicator)
Sjöstedt’s Greenbul (Baeopogon clamans)
Spotted Greenbul (Ixonotus guttatus)
Joyful Greenbul (Chlorocichla laetissima)
Prigogine’s Greenbul (Chlorocichla prigoginei)
Yellow-bellied Greenbul (Chlorocichla flaviventris)
Falkenstein’s Greenbul (Chlorocichla falkensteini)
Simple Greenbul (Chlorocichla simplex)
Yellow-throated Leaflove (Atimastillas flavicollis)
Swamp Palm Bulbul (Thescelocichla leucopleura)
Red-tailed Leaflove (Phyllastrephus scandens)
Terrestrial Brownbul (Phyllastrephus terrestris)
Northern Brownbul (Phyllastrephus strepitans)
Grey-olive Greenbul (Phyllastrephus cerviniventris)
Pale-olive Greenbul (Phyllastrephus fulviventris)
Baumann’s Olive Greenbul (Phyllastrephus baumanni)
Toro Olive Greenbul (Phyllastrephus hypochloris)
Sassi’s Olive Greenbul (Phyllastrephus lorenzi)
Fischer’s Greenbul (Phyllastrephus fischeri)
Cabanis’s Greenbul (Phyllastrephus cabanisi)
Placid Greenbul (Phyllastrephus placidus)
Cameroon Olive Greenbul (Phyllastrephus poensis)
Icterine Greenbul (Phyllastrephus icterinus)
Xavier’s Greenbul (Phyllastrephus xavieri)
White-throated Greenbul (Phyllastrephus albigularis)
Yellow-streaked Greenbul (Phyllastrephus flavostriatus)
Sharpe’s Greenbul (Phyllastrephus alfredi)
Grey-headed Greenbul (Phyllastrephus poliocephalus)
Lowland Tiny Greenbul (Phyllastrephus debilis)
Montane Tiny Greenbul (Phyllastrephus albigula)
Red-tailed Bristlebill (Bleda syndactylus)
Green-tailed Bristlebill (Bleda eximius)
Yellow-lored Bristlebill (Bleda notatus)
Grey-headed Bristlebill (Bleda canicapillus)
Western Bearded Greenbul (Criniger barbatus)
Eastern Bearded Greenbul (Criniger chloronotus)
Red-tailed Greenbul (Criniger calurus)
White-bearded Greenbul (Criniger ndussumensis)
Yellow-bearded Greenbul (Criniger olivaceus)
Finsch’s Bulbul (Alophoixus finschii)
White-throated Bulbul (Alophoixus flaveolus)
Puff-throated Bulbul (Alophoixus pallidus)
Ochraceous Bulbul (Alophoixus ochraceus)
Grey-cheeked Bulbul (Alophoixus bres)
Palawan Bulbul (Alophoixus frater)
Yellow-bellied Bulbul (Alophoixus phaeocephalus)
Yellow-browed Bulbul (Acritillas indica)
Hook-billed Bulbul (Setornis criniger)
Hairy-backed Bulbul (Tricholestes criniger)
Olive Bulbul (Iole viridescens)
Cachar Bulbul (Iole cacharensis)
Grey-eyed Bulbul (Iole propinqua)
Buff-vented Bulbul (Iole crypta)
Charlotte’s Bulbul (Iole charlottae)
Sulphur-bellied Bulbul (Iole palawanensis)
Nicobar Bulbul (Ixos nicobariensis)
Mountain Bulbul (Ixos mcclellandii)
Streaked Bulbul (Ixos malaccensis)
Sunda Bulbul (Ixos virescens)
Seram Golden Bulbul (Thapsinillas affinis)
Northern Golden Bulbul (Thapsinillas longirostris)
Buru Golden Bulbul (Thapsinillas mysticalis)
Ashy Bulbul (Hemixos flavala)
Cinereous Bulbul (Hemixos cinereus)
Chestnut Bulbul (Hemixos castanonotus)
Seychelles Bulbul (Hypsipetes crassirostris)
Reunion Bulbul (Hypsipetes borbonicus)
Mauritius Bulbul (Hypsipetes olivaceus)
Malagasy Bulbul (Hypsipetes madagascariensis)
Grand Comoro Bulbul (Hypsipetes parvirostris)
Moheli Bulbul (Hypsipetes moheliensis)
Black Bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus)
Square-tailed Bulbul (Hypsipetes ganeesa)
Philippine Bulbul (Hypsipetes philippinus)
Mindoro Bulbul (Hypsipetes mindorensis)
Visayan Bulbul (Hypsipetes guimarasensis)
Zamboanga Bulbul (Hypsipetes rufigularis)
Streak-breasted Bulbul (Hypsipetes siquijorensis)
Yellowish Bulbul (Hypsipetes everetti)
Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsipetes amaurotis)
White-headed Bulbul (Cerasophila thompsoni)
Black-collared Bulbul (Neolestes torquatus)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:

Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
FullColorPhoto (TommyT or TAJA)

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Bulbuls are a family, Pycnonotidae, of medium-sized passerine songbirds. Many forest species are known as greenbuls. The family is distributed across most of Africa and into the Middle East, tropical Asia to Indonesia, and north as far as Japan. A few insular species occur on the tropical islands of the Indian Ocean There are about 130 species in around 24 genera. While some species are found in most habitats, overall African species are predominantly found in rainforest whilst rainforest species are rare in Asia, instead preferring more open areas. The only Bulbul which occurs in Europe was spotted in the Cyclades and bears a yellow patch, being otherwise of a snuffy brown.

Bulbuls are short-necked slender passerines. The tails are long and the wings short and rounded. In almost all species the bill is slightly elongated and slightly hooked at the end. They vary in length from 13 cm for the Tiny Greenbul to 29 cm in the Straw-headed Bulbul. Overall the sexes are alike, although the females tend to be slightly smaller. In a few species the differences are so great that they have been described as functionally different species. The soft plumage of some species is colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Species with dull coloured eyes often sport contrasting eyerings. Some have very distinct crests. Bulbuls are highly vocal, with the calls of most species being described as nasal or gravelly. One author described the song of the Brown-eared Bulbul as “the most unattractive noises made by any bird”. (Wikipedia with editing)

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:



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