Sturnidae – Starlings

Rosy Starling (Pastor roseus) by Nikhil Devasar

Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? (Matthew 6:26 NKJV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Sturnidae – Starlings


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (123)

Aplonis
Metallic Starling (Aplonis metallica)
Violet-hooded Starling (Aplonis circumscripta)
Yellow-eyed Starling (Aplonis mystacea)
Singing Starling (Aplonis cantoroides)
Tanimbar Starling (Aplonis crassa)
Atoll Starling (Aplonis feadensis)
Rennell Starling (Aplonis insularis)
Long-tailed Starling (Aplonis magna)
White-eyed Starling (Aplonis brunneicapillus)
Brown-winged Starling (Aplonis grandis)
Makira Starling (Aplonis dichroa)
Rusty-winged Starling (Aplonis zelandica)
Striated Starling (Aplonis striata)
Tasman Starling (Aplonis fusca)
Mountain Starling (Aplonis santovestris)
Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis)
Moluccan Starling (Aplonis mysolensis)
Short-tailed Starling (Aplonis minor)
Micronesian Starling (Aplonis opaca)
Pohnpei Starling (Aplonis pelzelni)
Polynesian Starling (Aplonis tabuensis)
Samoan Starling (Aplonis atrifusca)
Kosrae Starling (Aplonis corvina)
Mauke Starling (Aplonis mavornata)
Rarotonga Starling (Aplonis cinerascens)
Mino
Yellow-faced Myna (Mino dumontii)
Long-tailed Myna (Mino kreffti)
Golden Myna (Mino anais)
Basilornis
Sulawesi Myna (Basilornis celebensis)
Helmeted Myna (Basilornis galeatus)
Long-crested Myna (Basilornis corythaix)
Apo Myna (Basilornis mirandus)
Sarcops
Coleto (Sarcops calvus)
Streptocitta
White-necked Myna (Streptocitta albicollis)
Bare-eyed Myna (Streptocitta albertinae)
Enodes
Fiery-browed Starling (Enodes erythrophris)
Scissirostrum
Grosbeak Starling (Scissirostrum dubium)
Saroglossa
Spot-winged Starling (Saroglossa spilopterus)
Ampeliceps
Golden-crested Myna (Ampeliceps coronatus)
Gracula
Sri Lanka Hill Myna (Gracula ptilogenys)
Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa)
Southern Hill Myna (Gracula indica)
Nias Hill Myna (Gracula robusta)
Enggano Hill Myna (Gracula enganensis)
Acridotheres
Great Myna (Acridotheres grandis)
Crested Myna (Acridotheres cristatellus)
Javan Myna (Acridotheres javanicus)
Pale-bellied Myna (Acridotheres cinereus)
Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus)
Collared Myna (Acridotheres albocinctus)
Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus)
Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
Black-winged Starling (Acridotheres melanopterus)
Vinous-breasted Starling (Acridotheres burmannicus)
Spodiopsar
Red-billed Starling (Spodiopsar sericeus)
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus)
Gracupica
Black-collared Starling (Gracupica nigricollis)
Pied Myna (Gracupica contra)
Agropsar
Daurian Starling (Agropsar sturninus)
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis)
Sturnia
White-shouldered Starling (Sturnia sinensis)
Chestnut-tailed Starling (Sturnia malabarica)
White-headed Starling (Sturnia erythropygia)
Malabar Starling (Sturnia blythii)
Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum)
Sturnornis
White-faced Starling (Sturnornis albofrontatus)
Leucopsar
Bali Myna (Leucopsar rothschildi)
Fregilupus
Hoopoe Starling (Fregilupus varius)
Necropsar
Rodrigues Starling (Necropsar rodericanus)
Pastor
Rosy Starling (Pastor roseus)
Sturnus
Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unicolor)
Creatophora
Wattled Starling (Creatophora cinerea)
Notopholia
Black-bellied Starling (Notopholia corusca)
Hylopsar
Purple-headed Starling (Hylopsar purpureiceps)
Copper-tailed Starling (Hylopsar cupreocauda)
Lamprotornis
Cape Starling (Lamprotornis nitens)
Greater Blue-eared Starling (Lamprotornis chalybaeus)
Lesser Blue-eared Starling (Lamprotornis chloropterus)
Miombo Blue-eared Starling (Lamprotornis elisabeth)
Bronze-tailed Starling (Lamprotornis chalcurus)
Splendid Starling (Lamprotornis splendidus)
Principe Starling (Lamprotornis ornatus)
Emerald Starling (Lamprotornis iris)
Purple Starling (Lamprotornis purpureus)
Rüppell’s Starling (Lamprotornis purpuroptera)
Long-tailed Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis caudatus)
Golden-breasted Starling (Lamprotornis regius)
Meves’s Starling (Lamprotornis mevesii)
Burchell’s Starling (Lamprotornis australis)
Sharp-tailed Starling (Lamprotornis acuticaudus)
Superb Starling (Lamprotornis superbus)
Hildebrandt’s Starling (Lamprotornis hildebrandti)
Shelley’s Starling (Lamprotornis shelleyi)
Chestnut-bellied Starling (Lamprotornis pulcher)
Ashy Starling (Lamprotornis unicolor)
Fischer’s Starling (Lamprotornis fischeri)
Pied Starling (Lamprotornis bicolor)
White-crowned Starling (Lamprotornis albicapillus)
Hartlaubius
Madagascan Starling (Hartlaubius auratus)
Cinnyricinclus
Violet-backed Starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster)
Onychognathus
Red-winged Starling (Onychognathus morio)
Slender-billed Starling (Onychognathus tenuirostris)
Chestnut-winged Starling (Onychognathus fulgidus)
Waller’s Starling (Onychognathus walleri)
Somali Starling (Onychognathus blythii)
Socotra Starling (Onychognathus frater)
Tristram’s Starling (Onychognathus tristramii)
Pale-winged Starling (Onychognathus nabouroup)
Bristle-crowned Starling (Onychognathus salvadorii)
White-billed Starling (Onychognathus albirostris)
Neumann’s Starling (Onychognathus neumanni)
Poeoptera
Stuhlmann’s Starling (Poeoptera stuhlmanni)
Kenrick’s Starling (Poeoptera kenricki)
Narrow-tailed Starling (Poeoptera lugubris)
Sharpe’s Starling (Poeoptera sharpii)
Abbott’s Starling (Poeoptera femoralis)
Grafisia
White-collared Starling (Grafisia torquata)
Speculipastor
Magpie Starling (Speculipastor bicolor)
Neocichla
Babbling Starling (Neocichla gutturalis)
Rhabdornis
Stripe-headed Rhabdornis (Rhabdornis mystacalis)
Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis (Rhabdornis inornatus)
Grand Rhabdornis (Rhabdornis grandis)

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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
MAMuin’s Picasa Gallery
William Kwong’s Galleries


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Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Sturnidae. The name “Sturnidae” comes from the Latin word for starling, sturnus. Many Asian species, particularly the larger ones, are called mynas, and many African species are known as glossy starlings because of their iridescent plumage. Starlings occur naturally in the Old World, from Europe, Asia and Africa, to northern Australia and the islands of the tropical Pacific. Several European and Asian species have been introduced to these areas as well as North America, Hawaii and New Zealand, where they generally compete for habitat with native birds and are considered to be invasive species. The starling species familiar to most people in Europe and North America is the European Starling, and throughout much of Asia and the Pacific the Common Myna is indeed common.

Starlings have strong feet, their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. Several species live around human habitation, and are effectively omnivores. Many species search for prey such as grubs by “open-bill probing”, that is, forcefully opening the bill after inserting it into a crevice, thus expanding the hole and exposing the prey; this behavior is referred to by the German verb zirkeln (pronounced [ˈtsɪʁkəln]).

Plumage of many species is typically dark with a metallic sheen. Most species nest in holes, laying blue or white eggs. (From Wikipedia)

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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