Estrildidae – Waxbills, Munias & Allies

White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) by Nikhil

White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) by Nikhil

Also he spoke of trees, from the cedar tree of Lebanon even to the hyssop that springs out of the wall; he spoke also of animals, of birds, of creeping things, and of fish. And men of all nations, from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom, came to hear the wisdom of Solomon. (1 Kings 4:33-34 NKJV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Estrildidae – Waxbills, Munias & Allies


*100 Percent of Images
Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (141)

Woodhouse’s Antpecker (Parmoptila woodhousei) ©Drawing WikiC
Red-fronted Antpecker (Parmoptila rubrifrons) ©Drawing WikiC
Jameson’s Antpecker (Parmoptila jamesoni) ©WikiC
White-breasted Nigrita (Nigrita fusconotus) IBC
Chestnut-breasted Nigrita (Nigrita bicolor) IBC
Pale-fronted Nigrita (Nigrita luteifrons) IBC
Grey-headed Nigrita (Nigrita canicapillus) IBC
Shelley’s Oliveback (Nesocharis shelleyi) IBC
White-collared Oliveback (Nesocharis ansorgei) IBC
Grey-headed Oliveback (Nesocharis capistrata) IBC
Red-billed Pytilia (Pytilia lineata) IBC
Red-winged Pytilia (Pytilia phoenicoptera) IBC Video
Yellow-winged Pytilia (Pytilia hypogrammica) ©WikiC
Orange-winged Pytilia (Pytilia afra) ©Drawing WikiC
Green-winged Pytilia (Pytilia melba) ©WikiC – Natl Aviary by Lee *LLABS*
Red-headed Finch (Amadina erythrocephala) IBC
Cut-throat Finch (Amadina fasciata) IBC – *LLABS*
Green Twinspot (Mandingoa nitidula) ©Drawing WikiC – Video IBC
Red-faced Crimsonwing (Cryptospiza reichenovii) IBC
Abyssinian Crimsonwing (Cryptospiza salvadorii) ©WikiC
Dusky Crimsonwing (Cryptospiza jacksoni) IBC Video
Shelley’s Crimsonwing (Cryptospiza shelleyi) IBC
Black-bellied Seedcracker (Pyrenestes ostrinus) IBC
Crimson Seedcracker (Pyrenestes sanguineus) IBC
Lesser Seedcracker (Pyrenestes minor) Biodiversity
Grant’s Bluebill (Spermophaga poliogenys) IBC
Western Bluebill (Spermophaga haematina) IBC
Red-headed Bluebill (Spermophaga ruficapilla) IBC
Brown Twinspot (Clytospiza monteiri) IBC
Pink-throated Twinspot (Hypargos margaritatus) IBC
Red-throated Twinspot (Hypargos niveoguttatus) IBC
Dybowski’s Twinspot (Euschistospiza dybowskii) IBC
Dusky Twinspot (Euschistospiza cinereovinacea) IBC
Black-bellied Firefinch (Lagonosticta rara) ©WikiC
Bar-breasted Firefinch (Lagonosticta rufopicta) IBC
Brown Firefinch (Lagonosticta nitidula) IBC
Red-billed Firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala) ©WikiC
Rock Firefinch (Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis) WorldBirds
Chad Firefinch (Lagonosticta umbrinodorsalis) WorldBirds
Mali Firefinch (Lagonosticta virata) IBC
African Firefinch (Lagonosticta rubricata) ©WikiC
Landana Firefinch (Lagonosticta landanae) Anbvv
Jameson’s Firefinch (Lagonosticta rhodopareia) Female ©WikiC
Black-faced Firefinch (Lagonosticta larvata) IBC
Blue Waxbill (Uraeginthus angolensis) ©WikiC
Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu (Uraeginthus bengalus) ©WikiC
Blue-capped Cordon-bleu (Uraeginthus cyanocephalus) ©WikiC – *LLABS*
Violet-eared Waxbill (Uraeginthus granatinus) ©WikiC
Purple Grenadier (Uraeginthus ianthinogaster) ©WikiC – *LLABS*
Yellow-bellied Waxbill (Coccopygia quartinia) IBC
Swee Waxbill (Coccopygia melanotis) ©WikiC
Angolan Waxbill (Coccopygia bocagei) IBC
Lavender Waxbill (Estrilda caerulescens) ©WikiC
Grey Waxbill (Estrilda perreini) IBC
Cinderella Waxbill (Estrilda thomensis) WorldBirds
Anambra Waxbill (Estrilda poliopareia) Amadina
Fawn-breasted Waxbill (Estrilda paludicola) IBC
Abyssinian Waxbill (Estrilda ochrogaster) IBC
Orange-cheeked Waxbill (Estrilda melpoda) © WikiC
Crimson-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda rhodopyga) IBC
Arabian Waxbill (Estrilda rufibarba) IBC
Black-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda troglodytes) ©Drawing WikiC – Photo OBI
Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild) by Daves BirdingPix
Black-lored Waxbill (Estrilda nigriloris) WorldBirds
Black-crowned Waxbill (Estrilda nonnula) ©WikiC
Black-headed Waxbill (Estrilda atricapilla) ©WikiC
Kandt’s Waxbill (Estrilda kandti) IBC
Black-faced Waxbill (Estrilda erythronotos) WorldBirds
Black-cheeked Waxbill (Estrilda charmosyna) WorldBirds
Red Avadavat (Amandava amandava) by Nikhil Devasar
Green Avadavat (Amandava formosa) ©WikiC
Orange-breasted Waxbill (Amandava subflava) ©WikiC
Quailfinch (Ortygospiza atricollis) ©WikiC
Locust Finch (Paludipasser locustella) ©Drawing WikiC
Painted Finch (Emblema pictum) by Ian
Beautiful Firetail (Stagonopleura bella) by Ian
Red-eared Firetail (Stagonopleura oculata) by Ian
Diamond Firetail (Stagonopleura guttata) by Ian
Mountain Firetail (Oreostruthus fuliginosus) ©WikiC
Red-browed Finch (Neochmia temporalis) by Ian
Crimson Finch (Neochmia phaeton) by Ian
Star Finch (Neochmia ruficauda) by Ian – *LLABS*
Plum-headed Finch (Neochmia modesta) by Ian
Masked Finch (Poephila personata) by Ian – Bird of Week
Long-tailed Finch (Poephila acuticauda) by Dan *LLABS*
Black-throated Finch (Poephila cincta) by Ian
Zebra Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) by Ian
Double-barred Finch (Taeniopygia bichenovii) by Ian
Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch (Erythrura hyperythra) ©WikiC
Pin-tailed Parrotfinch (Erythrura prasina) ©WikiC
Green-faced Parrotfinch (Erythrura viridifacies) IBC
Tricolored Parrotfinch (Erythrura tricolor) ©WikiC
Red-eared Parrotfinch (Erythrura coloria) IBC
Blue-faced Parrotfinch (Erythrura trichroa) by Ian
Papuan Parrotfinch (Erythrura papuana) Amadina
Red-throated Parrotfinch (Erythrura psittacea) ©WikiC
Red-headed Parrotfinch (Erythrura cyaneovirens) ©Drawing WikiC
Royal Parrotfinch (Erythrura regia) ©Drawing WikiC
Fiji Parrotfinch (Erythrura pealii) ©WikiC
Pink-billed Parrotfinch (Erythrura kleinschmidti) ©WikiC
Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae) by Ian – Bird of the Week – *LLABS*
Madagascan Mannikin (Lepidopygia nana) ©Wiki
African Silverbill (Euodice cantans) ©Wiki
Indian Silverbill (Euodice malabarica) by Nikhil Devasar
Grey-headed Silverbill (Odontospiza caniceps) ©WikiC
Bronze Mannikin (Lonchura cucullata) ©WikiC – Video
Black-and-white Mannikin (Lonchura bicolor) ©WikiC – Video
Red-backed Mannikin (Lonchura nigriceps) ©WikiC
Magpie Mannikin (Lonchura fringilloides) ©WikiC
White-rumped Munia (Lonchura striata) by Nikhil – Video
Javan Munia (Lonchura leucogastroides) ©WikiC – Video
Dusky Munia (Lonchura fuscans)Video
Black-faced Munia (Lonchura molucca) ©WikiC- Video
Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata) by Ian – Video
Black-throated Munia (Lonchura kelaarti) by Ian
White-bellied Munia (Lonchura leucogastra) IBC
Streak-headed Mannikin (Lonchura tristissima)Video
White-spotted Mannikin (Lonchura leucosticta) Video IBC
Five-colored Munia (Lonchura quinticolor) ©WikiC – Video
Tricolored Munia (Lonchura malacca) by Nikhil Devasar
White-capped Munia (Lonchura ferruginosa) IBC
Chestnut Munia (Lonchura atricapilla) by Ray – Video
White-headed Munia (Lonchura maja) ©WikiC – Video
Pale-headed Munia (Lonchura pallida) ©WikiC – Video
Great-billed Mannikin (Lonchura grandis) ©WikiC
Grey-banded Mannikin (Lonchura vana) ©©Flickr
Grey-headed Mannikin (Lonchura caniceps) ©WikiC
Grey-crowned Mannikin (Lonchura nevermanni) IBC
Hooded Mannikin (Lonchura spectabilis) IBC
Forbes’s Mannikin (Lonchura forbesi) Drawing WorldBirds
Hunstein’s Mannikin (Lonchura hunsteini) ©Drawing WikiC
Yellow-rumped Mannikin (Lonchura flaviprymna) by Ian
Chestnut-breasted Mannikin (Lonchura castaneothorax) by Ian – Video
Black Mannikin (Lonchura stygia) IBC
Black-breasted Mannikin (Lonchura teerinki) IBC – Video
Eastern Alpine Mannikin (Lonchura monticola) Drawing FBirds
Western Alpine Mannikin (Lonchura montana)Video
Buff-bellied Mannikin (Lonchura melaena) ©©Flickr
Timor Sparrow (Lonchura fuscata) OBI
Java Sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora) by Ian
Pictorella Mannikin (Heteromunia pectoralis) by Ian
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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
Ray’s Wildlife Photography


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The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They can be classified as the family Estrildidae (weaver-finch), or as a subfamily within the family Passeridae, which strictly defined comprises the Old World sparrows. Most are sensitive to cold and require warm, usually tropical, habitats, although a few have adapted to the cooler climates of southern Australia.

They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short, thick, but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but vary widely in plumage colours and patterns.

All the estrildids build large, domed nests and lay 5–10 white eggs. Many species build roost nests. Some of the fire-finches and pytilias are hosts to the brood-parasitic indigobirds and whydahs, respectively.

The smallest species of the family is the Shelley’s Oliveback (Nesocharis shelleyi) at a mere 3.3 in (8.3 centimetres), although the lightest species is the Black-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda troglodytes) at 0.21 oz (6 g). The largest species is the Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora), at 6.7 in (17 cm) and 0.88 oz (25 g). (Wikipedia with editing)

Some of the Family:

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