Sturnidae – Starlings

Rosy Starling (Pastor roseus) by Nikhil Devasar

Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? (Matthew 6:26 NKJV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Sturnidae – Starlings


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (123)

Metallic Starling (Aplonis metallica) by Ian – Article
Violet-hooded Starling (Aplonis circumscripta) Video IBC
Yellow-eyed Starling (Aplonis mystacea) ©Flickr Glen Bowman
Singing Starling (Aplonis cantoroides) IBC
Tanimbar Starling (Aplonis crassa) ©Drawing WikiC
Atoll Starling (Aplonis feadensis) IBC
Rennell Starling (Aplonis insularis) IBC
Long-tailed Starling (Aplonis magna) ©WikiC
White-eyed Starling (Aplonis brunneicapillus) IBC
Brown-winged Starling (Aplonis grandis) ©©Pbase Lanerqvist
Makira Starling (Aplonis dichroa) Twearth
Rusty-winged Starling (Aplonis zelandica) ** Need Photo **
Striated Starling (Aplonis striata) IBC
Tasman Starling (Aplonis fusca) Drawing ©WikiC
Mountain Starling (Aplonis santovestris) Stamp AvianWeb
Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis) ©WikiC
Moluccan Starling (Aplonis mysolensis) OBI-©Drawing WikiC
Short-tailed Starling (Aplonis minor) ©WikiC
Micronesian Starling (Aplonis opaca) ©WikiC
Pohnpei Starling (Aplonis pelzelni) ©©Flickr TPete
Polynesian Starling (Aplonis tabuensis) ©WikiC
Samoan Starling (Aplonis atrifusca) IBC
Kosrae Starling (Aplonis corvina) ©Drawing WikiC
Mauke Starling (Aplonis mavornata) AvianWeb
Rarotonga Starling (Aplonis cinerascens) ©©Flickr KRosenblad
Yellow-faced Myna (Mino dumontii) ©WikiC
Long-tailed Myna (Mino kreffti) IBC – Drawing
Golden Myna (Mino anais) ©WikiC
Sulawesi Myna (Basilornis celebensis) OBI
Helmeted Myna (Basilornis galeatus) IBC
Long-crested Myna (Basilornis corythaix) OBI
Apo Myna (Basilornis mirandus) ©WikiC
Coleto (Sarcops calvus) ©Flickr Lip Kee Yap
White-necked Myna (Streptocitta albicollis) ©WikiC
Bare-eyed Myna (Streptocitta albertinae) ©taenos-com
Fiery-browed Starling (Enodes erythrophris) OBI
Grosbeak Starling (Scissirostrum dubium) OBi
Spot-winged Starling (Saroglossa spilopterus) OBI
Golden-crested Myna (Ampeliceps coronatus) Wings of Asia by Lee
Sri Lanka Hill Myna (Gracula ptilogenys) ©WikiC
Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa) ©WikiC
Southern Hill Myna (Gracula indica) ©©Flickr Lip Kee
Nias Hill Myna (Gracula robusta) ©Drawing WikiC
Enggano Hill Myna (Gracula enganensis) IBC
Great Myna (Acridotheres grandis) ©WikiC
Crested Myna (Acridotheres cristatellus) by MAMuin
Javan Myna (Acridotheres javanicus) by Khong Tuck Khoon
Pale-bellied Myna (Acridotheres cinereus) OBI
Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) by Ian
Collared Myna (Acridotheres albocinctus) OBI – ©Drawing WikiC
Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) by Nikhil
Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) by Ian
Black-winged Starling (Acridotheres melanopterus) OBI
Vinous-breasted Starling (Acridotheres burmannicus) ©WikiC
Red-billed Starling (Spodiopsar sericeus) by WKwong
White-cheeked Starling (Spodiopsar cineraceus) ©©
Black-collared Starling (Gracupica nigricollis) by Ian
Pied Myna (Gracupica contra) by Ian
Daurian Starling (Agropsar sturninus) ©WikiC
Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Agropsar philippensis) ©WikiC
White-shouldered Starling (Sturnia sinensis) OBI
Chestnut-tailed Starling (Sturnia malabarica) by Nikhil Devassar
White-headed Starling (Sturnia erythropygia) ©WikiC
Malabar Starling (Sturnia blythii) IBC
Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum) ©WikiC
White-faced Starling (Sturnornis albofrontatus) OBI
Bali Myna (Leucopsar rothschildi) – *LLABS*
Hoopoe Starling (Fregilupus varius) Extinct Birds Ebook 1907
Rodrigues Starling (Necropsar rodericanus) ©Drawing WikiC
Rosy Starling (Pastor roseus) by Nikhil – *LLABS*
Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) by Lee – *LLABS*
Spotless Starling (Sturnus unicolor) by Ian
Wattled Starling (Creatophora cinerea) ©©
Black-bellied Starling (Notopholia corrusca) ©WikiC
Purple-headed Starling (Hylopsar purpureiceps) Oiseaux
Copper-tailed Starling (Hylopsar cupreocauda) IBC
Cape Starling (Lamprotornis nitens) Oiseaux
Greater Blue-eared Starling (chalybaeus) by Dave’s BirdingPix
Lesser Blue-eared Starling (Lamprotornis chloropterus) ©WikiC
Miombo Blue-eared Starling (Lamprotornis elisabeth) BDExplorer
Bronze-tailed Starling (Lamprotornis chalcurus) IBC
Splendid Starling (Lamprotornis splendidus) IBC
Principe Starling (Lamprotornis ornatus) IBC
Emerald Starling (Lamprotornis iris) IBC
Purple Starling (Lamprotornis purpureus) ©WikiC
Rüppell’s Starling (Lamprotornis purpuroptera) ©WikiC
Long-tailed Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis caudatus) ©WikiC
Golden-breasted Starling (Lamprotornis regius) by Lee *LLABS*
Meves’s Starling (Lamprotornis mevesii) ©WikiC
Burchell’s Starling (Lamprotornis australis) ©WikiC
Sharp-tailed Starling (Lamprotornis acuticaudus) WWImages
Superb Starling (Lamprotornis superbus) ©WikiC
Hildebrandt’s Starling (Lamprotornis hildebrandti) by Dave’s BirdingPix
Shelley’s Starling (Lamprotornis shelleyi) IBC
Chestnut-bellied Starling (Lamprotornis pulcher) ©WikiC
Ashy Starling (Lamprotornis unicolor) IBC
Fischer’s Starling (Lamprotornis fischeri) IBC
Pied Starling (Lamprotornis bicolor) IBC
White-crowned Starling (Lamprotornis albicapillus)
Madagascan Starling (Hartlaubius auratus) ©©Pbase Lagerqvist
Violet-backed Starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster) IBC
Red-winged Starling (Onychognathus morio) by Ian
Slender-billed Starling (Onychognathus tenuirostris) IBC
Chestnut-winged Starling (Onychognathus fulgidus) IBC
Waller’s Starling (Onychognathus walleri) Video IBC
Somali Starling (Onychognathus blythii) IBC
Socotra Starling (Onychognathus frater) ©©Flickr Toxostoma
Tristram’s Starling (Onychognathus tristramii) ©WikiC
Pale-winged Starling (Onychognathus nabouroup) ©WikiC
Bristle-crowned Starling (Onychognathus salvadorii) IBC
White-billed Starling (Onychognathus albirostris) IBC
Neumann’s Starling (Onychognathus neumanni) IBC
Stuhlmann’s Starling (Poeoptera stuhlmanni) IBC
Kenrick’s Starling (Poeoptera kenricki) IBC
Narrow-tailed Starling (Poeoptera lugubris) IBC
Sharpe’s Starling (Poeoptera sharpii) IBC
Abbott’s Starling (Poeoptera femoralis) IBC
White-collared Starling (Grafisia torquata) IBC
Magpie Starling (Speculipastor bicolor) IBC
Babbling Starling (Neocichla gutturalis) IBC
Stripe-headed Rhabdornis (Rhabdornis mystacalis) IBC
Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis (Rhabdornis inornatus) IBC
Grand Rhabdornis (Rhabdornis grandis) ©©

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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen. ** Need Photo ** If you can help with a link to a needed photo, please leave a comment.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery-II
MAMuin’s Picasa Gallery
William Kwong’s Galleries


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Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Sturnidae. The name “Sturnidae” comes from the Latin word for starling, sturnus. Many Asian species, particularly the larger ones, are called mynas, and many African species are known as glossy starlings because of their iridescent plumage. Starlings occur naturally in the Old World, from Europe, Asia and Africa, to northern Australia and the islands of the tropical Pacific. Several European and Asian species have been introduced to these areas as well as North America, Hawaii and New Zealand, where they generally compete for habitat with native birds and are considered to be invasive species. The starling species familiar to most people in Europe and North America is the European Starling, and throughout much of Asia and the Pacific the Common Myna is indeed common.

Starlings have strong feet, their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. Several species live around human habitation, and are effectively omnivores. Many species search for prey such as grubs by “open-bill probing”, that is, forcefully opening the bill after inserting it into a crevice, thus expanding the hole and exposing the prey; this behavior is referred to by the German verb zirkeln (pronounced [ˈtsɪʁkəln]).

Plumage of many species is typically dark with a metallic sheen. Most species nest in holes, laying blue or white eggs. (From Wikipedia)

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