Turnicidae – Buttonquail

Painted Buttonquail (Turnix varius) by Ian

Painted Buttonquail (Turnix varius) by Ian

And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. (Exodus 16:13 KJV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – CHARADRIIFORMES, Family – Turnicidae – Buttonquail

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (17)

Common Buttonquail (Turnix sylvaticus)
Red-backed Buttonquail (Turnix maculosus)
Hottentot Buttonquail (Turnix hottentottus)
Black-rumped Buttonquail (Turnix nanus)
Yellow-legged Buttonquail (Turnix tanki)
Spotted Buttonquail (Turnix ocellatus)
Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscitator)
Madagascan Buttonquail (Turnix nigricollis)
Black-breasted Buttonquail (Turnix melanogaster)
Chestnut-backed Buttonquail (Turnix castanotus)
Buff-breasted Buttonquail (Turnix olivii)
Painted Buttonquail (Turnix varius)
Worcester’s Buttonquail (Turnix worcesteri)
Sumba Buttonquail (Turnix everetti)
Red-chested Buttonquail (Turnix pyrrhothorax)
Little Buttonquail (Turnix velox)
Quail-plover (Ortyxelos meiffrenii)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Tom Tarrant’s Aveceda


Articles Mentioning Birds From This Family:

Other Websites that have photos of this Family:


Buttonquail or hemipodes are members of a small family of birds, Turnicidae, which resemble, but are unrelated to, the quails of Phasianidae. They inhabit warm grasslands in Asia, Africa, Europe, and Australia. There two genera, with most species being found in the genus Turnix and only one being found in the genus Ortyxelos.

Buttonquails are small, drab, running birds, which avoid flying. The female is the more brightly coloured of the sexes, and initiates courtship. Unusually, the buttonquails are polyandrous, with the females circulating among several males and expelling rival females from her territory. Both sexes cooperate in building a nest in the earth, but only the male incubates the eggs and tends the young. The eggs hatch after an incubation period of 12 or 13 days, and the young are able to fly within two weeks of hatching. (Wikipedia with editing)

*Modifying in progress – ignore weird things for a few minutes.


Painted Buttonquail (Turnix varius) by Tom Tarrant – Young bird (probably a male) feeding in his garden

Buttonquail, not sure ©©Flickr

Buttonquail, not sure ©©Flickr

If you know which one this is, leave a comment.

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:


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