Icteridae – Oropendolas, Orioles & Blackbirds

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) by Bob-Nan

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) by Bob-Nan

Also, to every beast of the earth, to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food”; and it was so. (Genesis 1:30 NKJV

CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Icteridae – Oropendolas, Orioles & Blackbirds

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (109)

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)
Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
Red-breasted Blackbird (Sturnella militaris)
White-browed Blackbird (Sturnella superciliaris)
Peruvian Meadowlark (Sturnella bellicosa)
Long-tailed Meadowlark (Sturnella loyca)
Pampas Meadowlark (Sturnella defilippii)
Yellow-billed Cacique (Amblycercus holosericeus)
Mexican Cacique (Cassiculus melanicterus)
Chestnut-headed Oropendola (Psarocolius wagleri)
Russet-backed Oropendola (Psarocolius angustifrons)
Dusky-green Oropendola (Psarocolius atrovirens)
Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus)
Green Oropendola (Psarocolius viridis)
Olive Oropendola (Psarocolius bifasciatus)
Montezuma Oropendola (Psarocolius montezuma)
Black Oropendola (Psarocolius guatimozinus)
Baudo Oropendola (Psarocolius cassini)
Solitary Cacique (Cacicus solitarius)
Golden-winged Cacique (Cacicus chrysopterus)
Selva Cacique (Cacicus koepckeae)
Ecuadorian Cacique (Cacicus sclateri)
Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela)
Scarlet-rumped Cacique (Cacicus microrhynchus)
Subtropical Cacique (Cacicus uropygialis)
Northern Mountain Cacique (Cacicus leucoramphus)
Southern Mountain Cacique (Cacicus chrysonotus)
Band-tailed Oropendola (Cacicus latirostris)
Casqued Oropendola (Cacicus oseryi)
Red-rumped Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous)
Scott’s Oriole (Icterus parisorum)
Yellow-backed Oriole (Icterus chrysater)
Audubon’s Oriole (Icterus graduacauda)
Jamaican Oriole (Icterus leucopteryx)
Orange Oriole (Icterus auratus)
Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis)
Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis)
Bullock’s Oriole (Icterus bullockii)
Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus)
Black-backed Oriole (Icterus abeillei)
Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)
Yellow-tailed Oriole (Icterus mesomelas)
Spot-breasted Oriole (Icterus pectoralis)
White-edged Oriole (Icterus graceannae)
Campo Troupial (Icterus jamacaii)
Venezuelan Troupial (Icterus icterus)
Orange-backed Troupial (Icterus croconotus)
Bar-winged Oriole (Icterus maculialatus)
Black-vented Oriole (Icterus wagleri)
Hooded Oriole (Icterus cucullatus)
Black-cowled Oriole (Icterus prosthemelas)
Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)
Ochre Oriole (Icterus fuertesi)
Cuban Oriole (Icterus melanopsis)
Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi)
Martinique Oriole (Icterus bonana)
Puerto Rican Oriole (Icterus portoricensis)
Montserrat Oriole (Icterus oberi)
St. Lucia Oriole (Icterus laudabilis)
Hispaniolan Oriole (Icterus dominicensis)
Orange-crowned Oriole (Icterus auricapillus)
Variable Oriole (Icterus pyrrhopterus)
Epaulet Oriole (Icterus cayanensis)
Jamaican Blackbird (Nesopsar nigerrimus)
Yellow-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius xanthomus)
Tawny-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius humeralis)
Tricolored Blackbird (Agelaius tricolor)
Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
Red-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius assimilis)
Screaming Cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris)
Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)
Bronzed Cowbird (Molothrus aeneus)
Bronze-brown Cowbird (Molothrus armenti)
Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
Scrub Blackbird (Dives warczewiczi)
Melodious Blackbird (Dives dives)
Cuban Blackbird (Ptiloxena atroviolacea)
Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)
Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)
Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)
Nicaraguan Grackle (Quiscalus nicaraguensis)
Carib Grackle (Quiscalus lugubris)
Greater Antillean Grackle (Quiscalus niger)
Boat-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus major)
Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Slender-billed Grackle (Quiscalus palustris)
Red-bellied Grackle (Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster)
Velvet-fronted Grackle (Lampropsar tanagrinus)
Oriole Blackbird (Gymnomystax mexicanus)
Colombian Mountain Grackle (Macroagelaius subalaris)
Golden-tufted Mountain Grackle (Macroagelaius imthurni)
Austral Blackbird (Curaeus curaeus)
Scarlet-headed Blackbird (Amblyramphus holosericeus)
Forbes’s Blackbird (Anumara forbesi)
Chopi Blackbird (Gnorimopsar chopi)
Bolivian Blackbird (Oreopsar bolivianus)
Greyish Baywing (Agelaioides badius)
Pale Baywing (Agelaioides fringillarius)
Yellow-winged Blackbird (Agelasticus thilius)
Pale-eyed Blackbird (Agelasticus xanthophthalmus)
Unicolored Blackbird (Agelasticus cyanopus)
Chestnut-capped Blackbird (Chrysomus ruficapillus)
Yellow-hooded Blackbird (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
Saffron-cowled Blackbird (Xanthopsar flavus)
Brown-and-yellow Marshbird (Pseudoleistes virescens)
Yellow-rumped Marshbird (Pseudoleistes guirahuro)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:

Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Kent Nickell
Ray’s Wildlife Photography
Reinier’s Wildstock Photos Gallery
SSlayton – Fotobirder at Smugmug

Back to Family Page – CLICK HERE

*Articles Mentioning Birds From This Family:

Other Websites that have photos of this Family:

Icterids make up a family (Icteridae) of small to medium-sized, often colorful passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most species have black as a predominant plumage color, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. The family is extremely varied in size, shape, behavior and coloration. The name, meaning “jaundiced ones” (from the prominent yellow feathers of many species) comes from the Ancient Greek ikteros, through the Latin ictericus. This group includes the New World blackbirds, New World orioles, the Bobolink, meadowlarks, grackles, cowbirds, oropendolas and caciques.

Despite the similar names, the first groups are only distantly related to the Old World Blackbird (a thrush) or the Old World orioles.

The majority of icterid species live in the tropics, although there are a number of temperate forms, such as American blackbirds and the Long-tailed Meadowlark. The highest densities of breeding species are found in Colombia and in southern Mexico. They inhabit a range of habitats, including scrub, swamp, forest, and savannah. Temperate species are migratory, with many species that nest in the United States and Canada moving south into Mexico and Central America.

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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