Icteridae – Oropendolas, Orioles & Blackbirds

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) by Bob-Nan

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) by Bob-Nan

Also, to every beast of the earth, to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food”; and it was so. (Genesis 1:30 NKJV


CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Icteridae – Oropendolas, Orioles & Blackbirds


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (109)

Xanthocephalus
Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)
Dolichonyx
Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
Sturnella
Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
Leistes
Red-breasted Blackbird (Leistes militaris)
White-browed Blackbird (Leistes superciliaris)
Peruvian Meadowlark (Leistes bellicosus)
Long-tailed Meadowlark (Leistes loyca)
Pampas Meadowlark (Leistes defilippii)
Amblycercus
Yellow-billed Cacique (Amblycercus holosericeus)
Cassiculus
Mexican Cacique (Cassiculus melanicterus)
Psarocolius
Chestnut-headed Oropendola (Psarocolius wagleri)
Russet-backed Oropendola (Psarocolius angustifrons)
Dusky-green Oropendola (Psarocolius atrovirens)
Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus)
Green Oropendola (Psarocolius viridis)
Olive Oropendola (Psarocolius bifasciatus)
Montezuma Oropendola (Psarocolius montezuma)
Black Oropendola (Psarocolius guatimozinus)
Baudo Oropendola (Psarocolius cassini)
Cacicus
Solitary Cacique (Cacicus solitarius)
Golden-winged Cacique (Cacicus chrysopterus)
Selva Cacique (Cacicus koepckeae)
Ecuadorian Cacique (Cacicus sclateri)
Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela)
Scarlet-rumped Cacique (Cacicus microrhynchus)
Subtropical Cacique (Cacicus uropygialis)
Northern Mountain Cacique (Cacicus leucoramphus)
Southern Mountain Cacique (Cacicus chrysonotus)
Band-tailed Oropendola (Cacicus latirostris)
Casqued Oropendola (Cacicus oseryi)
Red-rumped Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous)
Icterus
Scott’s Oriole (Icterus parisorum)
Yellow-backed Oriole (Icterus chrysater)
Audubon’s Oriole (Icterus graduacauda)
Jamaican Oriole (Icterus leucopteryx)
Orange Oriole (Icterus auratus)
Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis)
Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis)
Bullock’s Oriole (Icterus bullockii)
Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus)
Black-backed Oriole (Icterus abeillei)
Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)
Yellow-tailed Oriole (Icterus mesomelas)
Spot-breasted Oriole (Icterus pectoralis)
White-edged Oriole (Icterus graceannae)
Campo Troupial (Icterus jamacaii)
Venezuelan Troupial (Icterus icterus)
Orange-backed Troupial (Icterus croconotus)
Bar-winged Oriole (Icterus maculialatus)
Black-vented Oriole (Icterus wagleri)
Hooded Oriole (Icterus cucullatus)
Black-cowled Oriole (Icterus prosthemelas)
Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)
Ochre Oriole (Icterus fuertesi)
Cuban Oriole (Icterus melanopsis)
Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi)
Martinique Oriole (Icterus bonana)
Puerto Rican Oriole (Icterus portoricensis)
Montserrat Oriole (Icterus oberi)
St. Lucia Oriole (Icterus laudabilis)
Hispaniolan Oriole (Icterus dominicensis)
Orange-crowned Oriole (Icterus auricapillus)
Variable Oriole (Icterus pyrrhopterus)
Epaulet Oriole (Icterus cayanensis)
Nesopsar
Jamaican Blackbird (Nesopsar nigerrimus)
Agelaius
Yellow-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius xanthomus)
Tawny-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius humeralis)
Tricolored Blackbird (Agelaius tricolor)
Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
Red-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius assimilis)
Molothrus
Screaming Cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris)
Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)
Bronzed Cowbird (Molothrus aeneus)
Bronze-brown Cowbird (Molothrus armenti)
Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
Dives
Scrub Blackbird (Dives warczewiczi)
Melodious Blackbird (Dives dives)
Ptiloxena
Cuban Blackbird (Ptiloxena atroviolacea)
Euphagus
Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)
Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)
Quiscalus
Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)
Nicaraguan Grackle (Quiscalus nicaraguensis)
Carib Grackle (Quiscalus lugubris)
Greater Antillean Grackle (Quiscalus niger)
Boat-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus major)
Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Slender-billed Grackle (Quiscalus palustris)
Hypopyrrhus
Red-bellied Grackle (Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster)
Lampropsar
Velvet-fronted Grackle (Lampropsar tanagrinus)
Gymnomystax
Oriole Blackbird (Gymnomystax mexicanus)
Macroagelaius
Colombian Mountain Grackle (Macroagelaius subalaris)
Golden-tufted Mountain Grackle (Macroagelaius imthurni)
Curaeus
Austral Blackbird (Curaeus curaeus)
Amblyramphus
Scarlet-headed Blackbird (Amblyramphus holosericeus)
Anumara
Forbes’s Blackbird (Anumara forbesi)
Gnorimopsar
Chopi Blackbird (Gnorimopsar chopi)
Oreopsar
Bolivian Blackbird (Oreopsar bolivianus)
Agelaioides
Greyish Baywing (Agelaioides badius)
Pale Baywing (Agelaioides fringillarius)
Agelasticus
Yellow-winged Blackbird (Agelasticus thilius)
Pale-eyed Blackbird (Agelasticus xanthophthalmus)
Unicolored Blackbird (Agelasticus cyanopus)
Chrysomus
Chestnut-capped Blackbird (Chrysomus ruficapillus)
Yellow-hooded Blackbird (Chrysomus icterocephalus)
Xanthopsar
Saffron-cowled Blackbird (Xanthopsar flavus)
Pseudoleistes
Brown-and-yellow Marshbird (Pseudoleistes virescens)
Yellow-rumped Marshbird (Pseudoleistes guirahuro)

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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:

BirdPhotos.Com
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Kent Nickell
Ray’s Wildlife Photography
Reinier’s Wildstock Photos Gallery
SSlayton – Fotobirder at Smugmug


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Other Websites that have photos of this Family:

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Icterids make up a family (Icteridae) of small to medium-sized, often colorful passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most species have black as a predominant plumage color, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. The family is extremely varied in size, shape, behavior and coloration. The name, meaning “jaundiced ones” (from the prominent yellow feathers of many species) comes from the Ancient Greek ikteros, through the Latin ictericus. This group includes the New World blackbirds, New World orioles, the Bobolink, meadowlarks, grackles, cowbirds, oropendolas and caciques.

Despite the similar names, the first groups are only distantly related to the Old World Blackbird (a thrush) or the Old World orioles.

The majority of icterid species live in the tropics, although there are a number of temperate forms, such as American blackbirds and the Long-tailed Meadowlark. The highest densities of breeding species are found in Colombia and in southern Mexico. They inhabit a range of habitats, including scrub, swamp, forest, and savannah. Temperate species are migratory, with many species that nest in the United States and Canada moving south into Mexico and Central America.

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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