Laridae – Gulls, Terns and Skimmers

Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida) by W Kwong

Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida) by W Kwong

the ostrich, the short-eared owl, the sea gull, and the hawk after their kinds; (Deuteronomy 14:15 NKJV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – CHARADRIIFORMES, Family – Laridae – Gulls, Terns & Skimmers


*100 Percent of Photos
Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (100)

Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus) by Bob-Nan
Lesser Noddy (Anous tenuirostris) ©WikiC
Black Noddy (Anous minutus) ©WikiC
Blue Noddy (Anous cerulea) ©WikiC
Grey Noddy (Anous albivitta) ©WikiC
White Tern (Gygis alba) by DavesBP – Article
Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger) by JFenton – Video by KeithB
____ (Rynchops niger niger) by Bird Photos
African Skimmer (Rynchops flavirostris)Video
Indian Skimmer (Rynchops albicollis) by Nikhil – Video
Swallow-tailed Gull (Creagrus furcatus) by Bob-Nan – Photo by BirdPhotos
Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) by Bob-Nan
Red-legged Kittiwake (Rissa brevirostris) – Ian’s BOW –Video
Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) by BirdPhotos
Sabine’s Gull (Xema sabini) by BirdPhotos
Slender-billed Gull (Chroicocephalus genei) by Nikhil
Bonaparte’s Gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia) ©USFWS
Silver Gull (Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae) by Ian
Black-billed Gull (Chroicocephalus bulleri) ©WikiC
Andean Gull (Chroicocephalus serranus) ©WikiC
Brown-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus) by Nikhil Devasar
Brown-hooded Gull (Chroicocephalus maculipennis) by BirdPhotos
Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) by Ian
Grey-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus) by BirdPhotos
Hartlaub’s Gull (Chroicocephalus hartlaubii) by BirdPhotos
Saunders’s Gull (Chroicocephalus saundersi) ©WikiC
Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) by BirdPhotos
Ross’s Gull (Rhodostethia rosea) ©WikiC
Dolphin Gull (Leucophaeus scoresbii) by Daves BirdingPix
Lava Gull (Leucophaeus fuliginosus) by BirdPhotos
Laughing Gull (Leucophaeus atricilla) by Daves BirdingPix
Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan) by Daves BirdingPix
Grey Gull (Leucophaeus modestus) by BirdPhotos
Relict Gull (Ichthyaetus relictus) ©Wildlife Images
Audouin’s Gull (Ichthyaetus audouinii) by BirdPhotos
Mediterranean Gull (Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) by BirdPhotos
Pallas’s Gull (Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus) ©WikiC
White-eyed Gull (Ichthyaetus leucophthalmus) ©WikiC
Sooty Gull (Ichthyaetus hemprichii) ©WikiC
Pacific Gull (Larus pacificus) by Ian
Belcher’s Gull (Larus belcheri) by Robert Scanlon
Olrog’s Gull (Larus atlanticus) by BirdPhotos
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris) by Robert Scanlon
Heermann’s Gull (Larus heermanni) by Daves BirdingPix
Mew Gull (Larus canus) by Daves BirdingPix
Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis) by DansPix
California Gull (Larus californicus) by BirdPhotos
Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) by Daves BirdingPix
Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus) by Bob-Nan
____ (Larus dominicanus dominicanus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Larus dominicanus vetula) by BirdPhotos
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens) by Ian
Western Gull (Larus occidentalis) by DavesBP
____ (Larus occidentalis wymani) by BirdPhotos
Yellow-footed Gull (Larus livens) ©WikiC
Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus) ©USFWS
____ (Larus hyperboreus barrovianus) by BirdPhotos
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides) ©USFWS
European Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) by Robert Scanlon
American Herring Gull (Larus smithsonianus) by BirdPhotos
Vega Gull (Larus vegae) ©WikiC
Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans) ©WikiC
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis) by Ian
Armenian Gull (Larus armenicus) ©WikiC
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus) by Ian
Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) by Daves BirdingPix
____ (Larus fuscus graellsii) by BirdPhotos
____ (Larus fuscus heuglini) by Nikhil Devassar
Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica) by Quy Tran Video by Nick
Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) by Nikhil Devasar – Video by Nick
Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus) by Quy Tran
Greater Crested Tern (Thalasseus bergii) by Ian
Elegant Tern (Thalasseus elegans) by Ian – Video
Lesser Crested Tern (Thalasseus bengalensis) by Nikhil – Video by TomTarrant
Chinese Crested Tern (Thalasseus bernsteini) IBC
Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis) by MikeBader – Video
Cabot’s Tern (Thalasseus acuflavidus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Thalasseus acuflavidus acuflavidus) by BirdPhotos
Little Tern (Sternula albifrons)Ian’s BOWVideo
____ (Sternula albifrons albifrons) by BirdPhotos
Saunders’s Tern (Sternula saundersi) IBC
Least Tern (Sternula antillarum) by Africaddict
____ (Sternula antillarum antillarum) by BirdPhotos
____ (Sternula antillarum browni) by BirdPhotos
Yellow-billed Tern (Sternula superciliaris) by BirdPhotos
Peruvian Tern (Sternula lorata) IBC
Fairy Tern (Sternula nereis) by Bob-Nan – Video
____ (Sternula nereis nereis) by BirdPhotos
Damara Tern (Sternula balaenarum) by BirdPhotos
Aleutian Tern (Onychoprion aleuticus) IBC
Spectacled Tern (Onychoprion lunatus) ©WikiC
Bridled Tern (Onychoprion anaethetus) ©WikiC
Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscatus) by Ian
River Tern (Sterna aurantia) by Nikhil Devasar
Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii) by Ian
White-fronted Tern (Sterna striata) by BirdPhotos
Black-naped Tern (Sterna sumatrana) by Ian
South American Tern (Sterna hirundinacea) by DavesBP
Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) by J Fenton
White-cheeked Tern (Sterna repressa) by BirdPhotos
Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) by J Fenton
Antarctic Tern (Sterna vittata) by BirdPhotos
Kerguelen Tern (Sterna virgata) ©WikiC
Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri) by Reinier Munguia
Snowy-crowned Tern (Sterna trudeaui) by BirdPhotos
Black-bellied Tern (Sterna acuticauda) ©WikiC
Black-fronted Tern (Chlidonias albostriatus) ©WikiC
Whiskered Tern (Chlidonias hybrida) by Raymond Barlow – Video
White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus)Ian’s BOWVideo
Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) by J Fenton
____ (Chlidonias niger surinamensis) by J Fenton
Large-billed Tern (Phaetusa simplex) by Daves BirdingPix
____ (Phaetusa simplex simplex) by BirdPhotos
Inca Tern (Larosterna inca) at National Aviary by Lee
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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
BirdPhotos.com
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dave’s BirdingPix
DansPix – Dan
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Keith Blomerley – Videographer
Michael Bader’s Photo Gallery
Nick Talbot – Videographer
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery-II
Ray’s Wildlife Photography
Tom Tarrant’s Aveceda
William Kwong’s Galleries


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Gull Beak and Feet

Gull Beak and Feet (from Color Key to North American Birds, by Frank M. Chapman ©1912)

Gulls (often informally called seagulls) are birds in the family Laridae. They are most closely related to the terns (family Sternidae) and only distantly related to auks, skimmers, and more distantly to the waders. Until the twenty-first century most gulls were placed in the genus Larus, but this arrangement is now known to be polyphyletic, leading to the resurrection of several genera.

Gulls are typically medium to large birds, usually grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They typically have harsh wailing or squawking calls, stout, longish bills, and webbed feet. Most gulls, particularly Larus species, are ground-nesting carnivores, which will take live food or scavenge opportunistically. Live food often includes crabs and small fish. Gulls have prophylactic unhinging jaws which allow them to consume large prey. Apart from the kittiwakes, gulls are typically coastal or inland species, rarely venturing far out to sea.  The large species take up to four years to attain full adult plumage, but two years is typical for small gulls. Large White-Headed Gulls are typically long-lived birds, with a maximum age of 49 years recorded for the Herring Gull.

Gulls nest in large, densely packed noisy colonies. They lay two to three speckled eggs in nests composed of vegetation. The young are precocial, being born with dark mottled down, and mobile upon hatching.

Gulls—the larger species in particular—are resourceful, inquisitive and intelligent birds, demonstrating complex methods of communication and a highly developed social structure. For example, many gull colonies display mobbing behaviour, attacking and harassing would-be predators and other intruders. Certain species (e.g. the Herring Gull) have exhibited tool use behaviour, using pieces of bread as bait with which to catch goldfish, for example.[7] Many species of gull have learned to coexist successfully with humans and have thrived in human habitats. Others rely on kleptoparasitism to get their food. Gulls have been observed preying on live whales, landing on the whale as it surfaces to peck out pieces of flesh. (Wikipedia with editing)

Some of the Family:

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