Phasianidae – Pheasants, Fowl & Allies

Sage Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) by Kent Nickell

Sage Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) by Kent Nickell

And the people stood up all that day, and all that night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails: he that gathered least gathered ten homers: and they spread them all abroad for themselves round about the camp. (Numbers 11:32 KJV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – GALLIFORMES, Family – Phasianidae – Pheasants, Fowl & Allies

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Latest I.O.C. Version

Species (184)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) by Lee at LPZoo *LLABS*
Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata) ©USFWS
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) by Kent Nickell
Hazel Grouse (Tetrastes bonasia) ©©7-Skogshons-M
Chinese Grouse (Tetrastes sewerzowi)  ©Draw WikiC – Video IBC
Siberian Grouse (Falcipennis falcipennis) ©WikiC
Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis) by Michael Woodruff
____ (Falcipennis canadensis canace) by BirdPhotos
____ (Falcipennis canadensis franklinii) by BirdPhotos
Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogalloides) ©Wiki-Richard_Bartz
Black-billed Capercaillie (Tetrao parvirostris) ©Francois Bernar
Black Grouse (Lyrurus tetrix) ©©
____ (Lyrurus tetrix britannicus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Lyrurus tetrix tetrix) by BirdPhotos
Caucasian Grouse (Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi) ©Draw WikiC – Video IBC
Sage Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) by Kent Nickell
Gunnison Grouse (Centrocercus minimus) ©WikiC
Dusky Grouse (Dendragapus obscurus) ©©MyersFamily
Sooty Grouse (Dendragapus fuliginosus) by Ian
Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus) by Kent Nickell
Lesser Prairie Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) ©WikiC
Greater Prairie Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido) ©WikiC
White-tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucura) by Kent Nickell
Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus muta) by Daves BirdingPix
Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus) ©USFWS
Snow Partridge (Lerwa lerwa) ©Drawing WikiC
Verreaux’s Monal-Partridge (Tetraophasis obscurus) ©Drawing WikiC
Szechenyi’s Monal-Partridge (Tetraophasis szechenyii) ©Ross-Flickr
Caucasian Snowcock (Tetraogallus caucasicus) ©Drawing WikiC
Caspian Snowcock (Tetraogallus caspius) ©Drawing WikiC
Himalayan Snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis) ©WikiC
Tibetan Snowcock (Tetraogallus tibetanus) ©WikiC
Altai Snowcock (Tetraogallus altaicus) ©Drawing WikiC
Rock Partridge (Alectoris graeca) ©Arthur Grosset
Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar) by Lee at NA *LLABS*
Przevalski’s Partridge (Alectoris magna) Video IBC
Philby’s Partridge (Alectoris philbyi) ©WikiC
Barbary Partridge (Alectoris barbara) ©WikiC
____ (Alectoris barbara koenigi) ©©Pixdaus
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa) ©WikiC
Arabian Partridge (Alectoris melanocephala) ©Drawing WikiC – Photo WB
See-see Partridge (Ammoperdix griseogularis) ©WikiC
Sand Partridge (Ammoperdix heyi) ©Draw WikiC – Photo IBC
Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus) by Nikhil Devasar
Painted Francolin (Francolinus pictus) ©Draw WikiC – Photo IBC
Chinese Francolin (Francolinus pintadeanus) ©Drawing WikiC
Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) by Nikhil
Swamp Francolin (Francolinus gularis) by Nikhil Devasar
Latham’s Francolin (Peliperdix lathami) ©©Flickr JDewilde
Coqui Francolin (Peliperdix coqui) by Dave’s BirdingPix
White-throated Francolin (Peliperdix albogularis) ©Draw WikiC – Photo IBC
Schlegel’s Francolin (Peliperdix schlegelii) IBC
Ring-necked Francolin (Scleroptila streptophora) ©Drawing WikiC
Grey-winged Francolin (Scleroptila afra) ©WikiC
Red-winged Francolin (Scleroptila levaillantii) ©WikiC
Finsch’s Francolin (Scleroptila finschi) WorldBirds
Shelley’s Francolin (Scleroptila shelleyi) ©WikiC
Moorland Francolin (Scleroptila psilolaema) ©Drawing WikiC
Orange River Francolin (Scleroptila gutturais) ©Drawing WikiC
Crested Francolin (Dendroperdix sephaena) by BirdPhotos
Scaly Francolin (Pternistis squamatus) ©Drawing WikiC
Ahanta Francolin (Pternistis ahantensis) WorldBirds
Grey-striped Francolin (Pternistis griseostriatus) ©Drawing WikiC
Hildebrandt’s Francolin (Pternistis hildebrandti) ©WikiC
Double-spurred Francolin (Pternistis bicalcaratus) ©© KapitanHojo
Heuglin’s Francolin (Pternistis icterorhynchus) ©©Wiegert
Clapperton’s Francolin (Pternistis clappertoni) ©Drawing WikiC
Harwood’s Francolin (Pternistis harwoodi) IBC
Swierstra’s Francolin (Pternistis swierstrai) Drawing WorldBirds
Mount Cameroon Francolin (Pternistis camerunensis) WorldBirds
Handsome Francolin (Pternistis nobilis) ©WikiC
Jackson’s Francolin (Pternistis jacksoni) ©Drawing WikiC
Chestnut-naped Francolin (Pternistis castaneicollis) ©WikiC
Black-fronted Francolin (Pternistis atrifrons)
Djibouti Francolin (Pternistis ochropectus) ©Drawing WikiC
Erckel’s Francolin (Pternistis erckelii) ©©Al
Hartlaub’s Spurfowl (Pternistis hartlaubi) ©©Timothy
Red-billed Spurfowl (Pternistis adspersus) by BirdPhotos
Cape Spurfowl (Pternistis capensis) by Ian
Natal Spurfowl (Pternistis natalensis) ©©Reders
Yellow-necked Spurfowl (Pternistis leucoscepus) ©USFWS
Grey-breasted Spurfowl (Pternistis rufopictus) by Bob-Nan
Red-necked Spurfowl (Pternistis afer) by Raymond Barlow
Swainson’s Spurfowl (Pternistis swainsonii) ©©Steve
Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) ©WikiC
Daurian Partridge (Perdix dauurica) ©Drawing WikiC
Tibetan Partridge (Perdix hodgsoniae) ©Drawing WikiC – Photo OBI
Long-billed Partridge (Rhizothera longirostris) ©WikiC
Hose’s Partridge (Rhizothera dulitensis) Drawing Mrinya
Madagascan Partridge (Margaroperdix madagarensis) by BirdPhotos
Black Partridge (Melanoperdix niger) OBI
Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix) by BirdPhotos
Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) ©WikiC
Rain Quail (Coturnix coromandelica) ©Draw WikiC – Photo OBI
Harlequin Quail (Coturnix delegorguei) ©WikiC
Stubble Quail (Coturnix pectoralis) by Ian
New Zealand Quail (Coturnix novaezelandiae †) ©Drawing WikiC
Brown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophora) by Ian
King Quail (Excalfactoria chinensis) Asian Blue by Kent Nickell
Blue Quail (Excalfactoria adansonii) ©Drawing WikiC
Snow Mountain Quail (Anurophasis monorthonyx) ©WikiC
Jungle Bush Quail (Perdicula asiatica) ©Drawing WikiC
Rock Bush Quail (Perdicula argoondah) ©WikiC
Painted Bush Quail (Perdicula erythrorhyncha) ©WikiC
Manipur Bush Quail (Perdicula manipurensis) ©Drawing WikiC
Himalayan Quail (Ophrysia † superciliosa †) ©Drawing WikiC
Udzungwa Forest Partridge (Xenoperdix udzungwensis) ARKive – Specimen
Rubeho Forest Partridge (Xenoperdix obscuratus) Drawing Avibirds – Specimen
Hill Partridge (Arborophila torqueola) ©WikiC
Rufous-throated Partridge (Arborophila rufogularis) by BirdPhotos
____ (Arborophila rufogularis tickelli) by BirdPhotos
White-cheeked Partridge (Arborophila atrogularis) ©Draw WikiC – OBI
Taiwan Partridge (Arborophila crudigularis) by BirdPhotos
Chestnut-breasted Partridge (Arborophila mandellii) ©Drawing WikiC
Bar-backed Partridge (Arborophila brunneopectus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Arborophila brunneopectus brunneopectus) by BirdPhotos
Sichuan Partridge (Arborophila rufipectus) OBI
White-necklaced Partridge (Arborophila gingica) ©WikiC
Orange-necked Partridge (Arborophila davidi) OBI
Chestnut-headed Partridge (Arborophila cambodiana) OBI
Siamese Partridge (Arborophila diversa) Article (3rd photo)
Malaysian Partridge (Arborophila campbelli) ©Drawing WikiC
Roll’s Partridge (Arborophila rolli) OBI
Sumatran Partridge (Arborophila sumatrana) Drawing WorldBirds
Grey-breasted Partridge (Arborophila orientalis) ©Drawing WikiC
Chestnut-bellied Partridge (Arborophila javanica) by BirdPhotos
Red-billed Partridge (Arborophila rubrirostris) OBI
Red-breasted Partridge (Arborophila hyperythra) ©Drawing WikiC – OBI
Hainan Partridge (Arborophila ardens) ©Drawing WikiC – OBI
Chestnut-necklaced Partridge (Arborophila charltonii) IBC
Green-legged Partridge (Arborophila chloropus) by BirdPhotos
____ (Arborophila chloropus peninsularis) by BirdPhotos
Ferruginous Partridge (Caloperdix oculeus) OBI
Crimson-headed Partridge (Haematortyx sanguiniceps) IBC
Crested Partridge (Rollulus rouloul) by Lee at NA
Mountain Bamboo Partridge (Bambusicola fytchii) by BirdPhotos
Chinese Bamboo Partridge (Bambusicola thoracicus) by BirdPhotos
Taiwan Bamboo Partridge (Bambusicola sonorivox) by BirdPhotos
Red Spurfowl (Galloperdix spadicea) OBI
Painted Spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) by Nikhil Devasar
Sri Lanka Spurfowl (Galloperdix bicalcarata) OBI
Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus) ©Arthur Grosset
Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) OBI
Satyr Tragopan (Tragopan satyra)
Blyth’s Tragopan (Tragopan blythii) by BirdPhotos
Temminck’s Tragopan (Tragopan temminckii) MemphisZoo *LLABS*
Cabot’s Tragopan (Tragopan caboti) ©WikiC
Koklass Pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha) by Nikhil Devasar
Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) by Nikhil Devasar
Sclater’s Monal (Lophophorus sclateri) OBI
Chinese Monal (Lophophorus lhuysii) OBI
Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) by Nikhil Devasar
____ (Gallus gallus gallus) by BirdPhotos
Grey Junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii) ©WikiC
Sri Lanka Junglefowl (Gallus lafayettii) by BirdPhotos
Green Junglefowl (Gallus varius) ©WikiC
Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos) by Nikhil Devasar
Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) Female – Male ©WikiC
Edwards’s Pheasant (Lophura edwardsi) by BirdPhotos
Swinhoe’s Pheasant (Lophura swinhoii) Male ©WikiC
Hoogerwerf’s Pheasant (Lophura hoogerwerfi) ARKive
Salvadori’s Pheasant (Lophura inornata) IBC
Crestless Fireback (Lophura erythrophthalma) IBC
Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) by Ian
Siamese Fireback (Lophura diardi) by Dan’s Pix
Bulwer’s Pheasant (Lophura bulweri) by BirdPhotos
White Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon crossoptilon) ©©
Tibetan Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon harmani) ©Drawing WikiC
Brown Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum) ©WikiC
Blue Eared Pheasant (Crossoptilon auritum) ©WikiC
Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichii) ©©
Elliot’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus ellioti) ©©
Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) ©Drawing WikiC
Mikado Pheasant (Syrmaticus mikado) by BirdPhotos
Copper Pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii) ©WikiC
Reeves’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) by Dan at Memphis Zoo – Photo ©WikiC *LLABS*
Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) by Kent Nickell
Green Pheasant (Phasianus versicolor) ©WikiC
Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) ©WikiC
Lady Amherst’s Pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae) ©GNU *LLABS*
Bronze-tailed Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron chalcurum) Drawing ©WikiC – Photo
Mountain Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron inopinatum) ©WikiC
Germain’s Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron germaini) ©WikiC
Grey Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum) & Drawing ©WikiC
Hainan Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron katsumatae) ©Drawing WikiC
Malayan Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron malacense) ©WikiC
Bornean Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron schleiermacheri) Video IBC
Palawan Peacock-Pheasant (Polyplectron napoleonis) ©WikiC
Crested Argus (Rheinardia ocellata) ©WikiC
Great Argus (Argusianus argus) by Ian *LLABS*
Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) by Nikhil Devasar *LLABS*
Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) by Ian
____ (Pavo muticus imperator) IBC
____ (Pavo muticus muticus) IBC
Congo Peafowl (Afropavo congensis) ©WikiC

On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen. 

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Kent Nickell
Michael Woodruff’s Fotostream
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery-II
Ray’s Wildlife Photography

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The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and partridges, including the junglefowl (including chicken), Old World Quail, francolins, monals and peafowl. The family is a large one, and is occasionally broken up into two subfamilies, the Phasianinae, and the Perdicinae. Sometimes additional families and birds are treated as being in this family as well; the American Ornithologists’ Union includes Tetraonidae (the grouse), Numididae (guineafowls), and Meleagrididae (turkeys) in Phasianidae as subfamilies.

Phasianids are terrestrial, ground living species. They are variable in size and ranging from 43 g, in the case of the King Quail, to 6 kg in the case of the Indian Peafowl. There is generally sexual dimorphism in size, with males tending to be larger than females. They are generally plump, with broad relatively short wings and strong legs. Many have a spur on their legs, a feature shared with guineafowl and turkeys but no other galliform birds. The bill is short and generally strong, particularly in species that dig in order to obtain food. Males of the larger species often have brightly colored plumage as well as facial ornamentations such as wattles or crests.

The pheasants and their allies are an Old World family, with a distribution that includes most of Europe and Asia (except the far north), all of Africa except the driest deserts and down into much of eastern Australia and (formerly) New Zealand. The greatest diversity of species is in Southeast Asia and Africa. Amongst the pheasants, with the exception of the Congo Peafowl, the distribution is entirely restricted to Asia; the Perdicinae have a much more widespread distribution. Within their range they occupy almost every available habitat except for boreal forest and tundra. (Wikipedia with editing)

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