Trochilidae – Hummingbirds

Ruby-throated Hummingbird by Ray's Wildlife

Ruby-throated Hummingbird by Rays Wildlife

He will bless them that fear the LORD, both small and great. (Psalms 115:13 KJV)


CLASS – AVES, Order – APODIFORMES, Family – Trochilidae – Hummingbirds


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Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (355)

Ramphodon
Saw-billed Hermit (Ramphodon naevius)
Eutoxeres
White-tipped Sicklebill (Eutoxeres aquila)
Buff-tailed Sicklebill (Eutoxeres condamini)
Glaucis
Hook-billed Hermit (Glaucis dohrnii)
Rufous-breasted Hermit (Glaucis hirsutus)
Bronzy Hermit (Glaucis aeneus)
Threnetes
Band-tailed Barbthroat (Threnetes ruckeri)
Sooty Barbthroat (Threnetes niger)
Pale-tailed Barbthroat (Threnetes leucurus)
Anopetia
Broad-tipped Hermit (Anopetia gounellei)
Phaethornis
White-whiskered Hermit (Phaethornis yaruqui)
Green Hermit (Phaethornis guy)
White-bearded Hermit (Phaethornis hispidus)
Long-billed Hermit (Phaethornis longirostris)
Mexican Hermit (Phaethornis mexicanus)
Long-tailed Hermit (Phaethornis superciliosus)
Great-billed Hermit (Phaethornis malaris)
Tawny-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis syrmatophorus)
Koepcke’s Hermit (Phaethornis koepckeae)
Needle-billed Hermit (Phaethornis philippii)
Straight-billed Hermit (Phaethornis bourcieri)
Pale-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis anthophilus)
Scale-throated Hermit (Phaethornis eurynome)
Planalto Hermit (Phaethornis pretrei)
Sooty-capped Hermit (Phaethornis augusti)
Buff-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis subochraceus)
Dusky-throated Hermit (Phaethornis squalidus)
Streak-throated Hermit (Phaethornis rupurumii)
Little Hermit (Phaethornis longuemareus)
Minute Hermit (Phaethornis idaliae)
Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri)
Reddish Hermit (Phaethornis ruber)
White-browed Hermit (Phaethornis stuarti)
Black-throated Hermit (Phaethornis atrimentalis)
Tapajos Hermit (Phaethornis aethopygus)
Stripe-throated Hermit (Phaethornis striigularis)
Grey-chinned Hermit (Phaethornis griseogularis)
Androdon
Tooth-billed Hummingbird (Androdon aequatorialis)
Doryfera
Green-fronted Lancebill (Doryfera ludovicae)
Blue-fronted Lancebill (Doryfera johannae)
Phaeochroa
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird (Phaeochroa cuvierii)
Campylopterus
Curve-winged Sabrewing (Campylopterus curvipennis)
Wedge-tailed Sabrewing (Campylopterus pampa)
Long-tailed Sabrewing (Campylopterus excellens)
Grey-breasted Sabrewing (Campylopterus largipennis)
Rufous Sabrewing (Campylopterus rufus)
Rufous-breasted Sabrewing (Campylopterus hyperythrus)
Violet Sabrewing (Campylopterus hemileucurus)
White-tailed Sabrewing (Campylopterus ensipennis)
Lazuline Sabrewing (Campylopterus falcatus)
Santa Marta Sabrewing (Campylopterus phainopeplus)
Napo Sabrewing (Campylopterus villaviscensio)
Buff-breasted Sabrewing (Campylopterus duidae)
Aphantochroa
Sombre Hummingbird (Aphantochroa cirrochloris)
Eupetomena
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird (Eupetomena macroura)
Florisuga
White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora)
Black Jacobin (Florisuga fusca)
Colibri
Brown Violetear (Colibri delphinae)
Mexican Violetear (Colibri thalassinus)
Lesser Violetear (Colibri cyanotus)
Sparkling Violetear (Colibri coruscans)
White-vented Violetear (Colibri serrirostris)
Anthracothorax
Green-throated Mango (Anthracothorax viridigula)
Green-breasted Mango (Anthracothorax prevostii)
Black-throated Mango (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
Veraguan Mango (Anthracothorax veraguensis)
Antillean Mango (Anthracothorax dominicus)
Green Mango (Anthracothorax viridis)
Jamaican Mango (Anthracothorax mango)
Avocettula
Fiery-tailed Awlbill (Avocettula recurvirostris)
Topaza
Crimson Topaz (Topaza pella)
Fiery Topaz (Topaza pyra)
Eulampis
Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis)
Green-throated Carib (Eulampis holosericeus)
Chrysolampis
Ruby-topaz Hummingbird (Chrysolampis mosquitus)
Orthorhyncus
Antillean Crested Hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus)
Klais
Violet-headed Hummingbird (Klais guimeti)
Stephanoxis
Green-crowned Plovercrest (Stephanoxis lalandi)
Purple-crowned Plovercrest (Stephanoxis loddigesii)
Abeillia
Emerald-chinned Hummingbird (Abeillia abeillei)
Lophornis
Tufted Coquette (Lophornis ornatus)
Dot-eared Coquette (Lophornis gouldii)
Frilled Coquette (Lophornis magnificus)
Short-crested Coquette (Lophornis brachylophus)
Rufous-crested Coquette (Lophornis delattrei)
Spangled Coquette (Lophornis stictolophus)
Festive Coquette (Lophornis chalybeus)
Peacock Coquette (Lophornis pavoninus)
Black-crested Coquette (Lophornis helenae)
White-crested Coquette (Lophornis adorabilis)
Discosura
Wire-crested Thorntail (Discosura popelairii)
Black-bellied Thorntail (Discosura langsdorffi)
Letitia’s Thorntail (Discosura letitiae)
Green Thorntail (Discosura conversii)
Racket-tailed Coquette (Discosura longicaudus)
Trochilus
Red-billed Streamertail (Trochilus polytmus)
Black-billed Streamertail (Trochilus scitulus)
Chlorestes
Blue-chinned Sapphire (Chlorestes notata)
Chlorostilbon
Golden-crowned Emerald (Chlorostilbon auriceps)
Cozumel Emerald (Chlorostilbon forficatus)
Canivet’s Emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetii)
Garden Emerald (Chlorostilbon assimilis)
Blue-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon mellisugus)
Western Emerald (Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus)
Red-billed Emerald (Chlorostilbon gibsoni)
Chiribiquete Emerald (Chlorostilbon olivaresi)
Glittering-bellied Emerald (Chlorostilbon lucidus)
Gould’s Emerald (Chlorostilbon elegans)
Brace’s Emerald (Chlorostilbon bracei)
Cuban Emerald (Chlorostilbon ricordii)
Hispaniolan Emerald (Chlorostilbon swainsonii)
Puerto Rican Emerald (Chlorostilbon maugaeus)
Coppery Emerald (Chlorostilbon russatus)
Narrow-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon stenurus)
Green-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon alice)
Short-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon poortmani)
Panterpe
Fiery-throated Hummingbird (Panterpe insignis)
Elvira
White-tailed Emerald (Elvira chionura)
Coppery-headed Emerald (Elvira cupreiceps)
Eupherusa
Oaxaca Hummingbird (Eupherusa cyanophrys)
White-tailed Hummingbird (Eupherusa poliocerca)
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird (Eupherusa eximia)
Black-bellied Hummingbird (Eupherusa nigriventris)
Goethalsia
Pirre Hummingbird (Goethalsia bella)
Goldmania
Violet-capped Hummingbird (Goldmania violiceps)
Cynanthus
Dusky Hummingbird (Cynanthus sordidus)
Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris)
Doubleday’s Hummingbird (Cynanthus doubledayi)
Cyanophaia
Blue-headed Hummingbird (Cyanophaia bicolor)
Thalurania
Mexican Woodnymph (Thalurania ridgwayi)
Crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica)
Fork-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania furcata)
Long-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania watertonii)
Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis)
Juliamyia
Violet-bellied Hummingbird (Juliamyia julie)
Lepidopyga
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis)
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird (Lepidopyga lilliae)
Shining-green Hummingbird (Lepidopyga goudoti)
Hylocharis
Blue-throated Sapphire (Hylocharis eliciae)
Rufous-throated Sapphire (Hylocharis sapphirina)
White-chinned Sapphire (Hylocharis cyanus)
Gilded Sapphire (Hylocharis chrysura)
Blue-headed Sapphire (Hylocharis grayi)
Humboldt’s Sapphire (Hylocharis humboldtii)
Chrysuronia
Golden-tailed Sapphire (Chrysuronia oenone)
Leucochloris
White-throated Hummingbird (Leucochloris albicollis)
Polytmus
White-tailed Goldenthroat (Polytmus guainumbi)
Tepui Goldenthroat (Polytmus milleri)
Green-tailed Goldenthroat (Polytmus theresiae)
Leucippus
Buffy Hummingbird (Leucippus fallax)
Tumbes Hummingbird (Leucippus baeri)
Spot-throated Hummingbird (Leucippus taczanowskii)
Olive-spotted Hummingbird (Leucippus chlorocercus)
Taphrospilus
Many-spotted Hummingbird (Taphrospilus hypostictus)
Amazilia
White-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia chionogaster)
Green-and-white Hummingbird (Amazilia viridicauda)
Cinnamon Hummingbird (Amazilia rutila)
Buff-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia yucatanensis)
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia castaneiventris)
Amazilia Hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia)
Plain-bellied Emerald (Amazilia leucogaster)
Versicolored Emerald (Amazilia versicolor)
White-chested Emerald (Amazilia brevirostris)
Andean Emerald (Amazilia franciae)
White-bellied Emerald (Amazilia candida)
Azure-crowned Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanocephala)
Violet-crowned Hummingbird (Amazilia violiceps)
Green-fronted Hummingbird (Amazilia viridifrons)
Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird (Amazilia wagneri)
Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata)
Sapphire-spangled Emerald (Amazilia lactea)
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis)
Charming Hummingbird (Amazilia decora)
Purple-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia rosenbergi)
Mangrove Hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi)
Honduran Emerald (Amazilia luciae)
Steely-vented Hummingbird (Amazilia saucerottei)
Indigo-capped Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanifrons)
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia edward)
Berylline Hummingbird (Amazilia beryllina)
Blue-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia cyanura)
Blue-vented Hummingbird (Amazilia hoffmanni)
Green-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia viridigaster)
Copper-rumped Hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci)
Microchera
Snowcap (Microchera albocoronata)
Anthocephala
Santa Marta Blossomcrown (Anthocephala floriceps)
Tolima Blossomcrown (Anthocephala berlepschi)
Chalybura
White-vented Plumeleteer (Chalybura buffonii)
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer (Chalybura urochrysia)
Lampornis
Blue-throated Mountaingem (Lampornis clemenciae)
Amethyst-throated Mountaingem (Lampornis amethystinus)
Green-throated Mountaingem (Lampornis viridipallens)
Green-breasted Mountaingem (Lampornis sybillae)
White-bellied Mountaingem (Lampornis hemileucus)
Purple-throated Mountaingem (Lampornis calolaemus)
White-throated Mountaingem (Lampornis castaneoventris)
Grey-tailed Mountaingem (Lampornis cinereicauda)
Basilinna
Xantus’s Hummingbird (Basilinna xantusii)
White-eared Hummingbird (Basilinna leucotis)
Lamprolaima
Garnet-throated Hummingbird (Lamprolaima rhami)
Adelomyia
Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys)
Phlogophilus
Ecuadorian Piedtail (Phlogophilus hemileucurus)
Peruvian Piedtail (Phlogophilus harterti)
Clytolaema
Brazilian Ruby (Clytolaema rubricauda)
Heliodoxa
Velvet-browed Brilliant (Heliodoxa xanthogonys)
Pink-throated Brilliant (Heliodoxa gularis)
Rufous-webbed Brilliant (Heliodoxa branickii)
Black-throated Brilliant (Heliodoxa schreibersii)
Gould’s Jewelfront (Heliodoxa aurescens)
Fawn-breasted Brilliant (Heliodoxa rubinoides)
Green-crowned Brilliant (Heliodoxa jacula)
Empress Brilliant (Heliodoxa imperatrix)
Violet-fronted Brilliant (Heliodoxa leadbeateri)
Eugenes
Rivoli’s Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)
Talamanca Hummingbird (Eugenes spectabilis)
Hylonympha
Scissor-tailed Hummingbird (Hylonympha macrocerca)
Sternoclyta
Violet-chested Hummingbird (Sternoclyta cyanopectus)
Urochroa
White-tailed Hillstar (Urochroa bougueri)
Boissonneaua
Buff-tailed Coronet (Boissonneaua flavescens)
Chestnut-breasted Coronet (Boissonneaua matthewsii)
Velvet-purple Coronet (Boissonneaua jardini)
Aglaeactis
Shining Sunbeam (Aglaeactis cupripennis)
Purple-backed Sunbeam (Aglaeactis aliciae)
White-tufted Sunbeam (Aglaeactis castelnaudii)
Black-hooded Sunbeam (Aglaeactis pamela)
Oreotrochilus
Ecuadorian Hillstar (Oreotrochilus chimborazo)
Andean Hillstar (Oreotrochilus estella)
White-sided Hillstar (Oreotrochilus leucopleurus)
Black-breasted Hillstar (Oreotrochilus melanogaster)
Wedge-tailed Hillstar (Oreotrochilus adela)
Lafresnaya
Mountain Velvetbreast (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
Coeligena
Bronzy Inca (Coeligena coeligena)
Brown Inca (Coeligena wilsoni)
Black Inca (Coeligena prunellei)
Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata)
White-tailed Starfrontlet (Coeligena phalerata)
Golden-bellied Starfrontlet (Coeligena bonapartei)
Dusky Starfrontlet (Coeligena orina)
Blue-throated Starfrontlet (Coeligena helianthea)
Buff-winged Starfrontlet (Coeligena lutetiae)
Violet-throated Starfrontlet (Coeligena violifer)
Rainbow Starfrontlet (Coeligena iris)
Ensifera
Sword-billed Hummingbird (Ensifera ensifera)
Pterophanes
Great Sapphirewing (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
Patagona
Giant Hummingbird (Patagona gigas)
Sephanoides
Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides sephaniodes)
Juan Fernandez Firecrown (Sephanoides fernandensis)
Heliangelus
Orange-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus mavors)
Amethyst-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus amethysticollis)
Longuemare’s Sunangel (Heliangelus clarisse)
Merida Sunangel (Heliangelus spencei)
Gorgeted Sunangel (Heliangelus strophianus)
Tourmaline Sunangel (Heliangelus exortis)
Flame-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus micraster)
Purple-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus viola)
Royal Sunangel (Heliangelus regalis)
Eriocnemis
Black-breasted Puffleg (Eriocnemis nigrivestis)
Gorgeted Puffleg (Eriocnemis isabellae)
Glowing Puffleg (Eriocnemis vestita)
Black-thighed Puffleg (Eriocnemis derbyi)
Turquoise-throated Puffleg (Eriocnemis godini)
Coppery-bellied Puffleg (Eriocnemis cupreoventris)
Sapphire-vented Puffleg (Eriocnemis luciani)
Golden-breasted Puffleg (Eriocnemis mosquera)
Blue-capped Puffleg (Eriocnemis glaucopoides)
Colorful Puffleg (Eriocnemis mirabilis)
Emerald-bellied Puffleg (Eriocnemis aline)
Haplophaedia
Greenish Puffleg (Haplophaedia aureliae)
Buff-thighed Puffleg (Haplophaedia assimilis)
Hoary Puffleg (Haplophaedia lugens)
Urosticte
Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini)
Rufous-vented Whitetip (Urosticte ruficrissa)
Ocreatus
White-booted Racket-tail (Ocreatus underwoodii)
Peruvian Racket-tail (Ocreatus peruanus)
Rufous-booted Racket-tail (Ocreatus addae)
Lesbia
Black-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia victoriae)
Green-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia nuna)
Sappho
Red-tailed Comet (Sappho sparganurus)
Polyonymus
Bronze-tailed Comet (Polyonymus caroli)
Ramphomicron
Black-backed Thornbill (Ramphomicron dorsale)
Purple-backed Thornbill (Ramphomicron microrhynchum)
Oreonympha
Bearded Mountaineer (Oreonympha nobilis)
Oxypogon
Green-bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon guerinii)
Blue-bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon cyanolaemus)
White-bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon lindenii)
Buffy Helmetcrest (Oxypogon stuebelii)
Metallura
Tyrian Metaltail (Metallura tyrianthina)
Perija Metaltail (Metallura iracunda)
Viridian Metaltail (Metallura williami)
Violet-throated Metaltail (Metallura baroni)
Neblina Metaltail (Metallura odomae)
Coppery Metaltail (Metallura theresiae)
Fiery-throated Metaltail (Metallura eupogon)
Scaled Metaltail (Metallura aeneocauda)
Black Metaltail (Metallura phoebe)
Chalcostigma
Rufous-capped Thornbill (Chalcostigma ruficeps)
Olivaceous Thornbill (Chalcostigma olivaceum)
Blue-mantled Thornbill (Chalcostigma stanleyi)
Bronze-tailed Thornbill (Chalcostigma heteropogon)
Rainbow-bearded Thornbill (Chalcostigma herrani)
Opisthoprora
Mountain Avocetbill (Opisthoprora euryptera)
Taphrolesbia
Grey-bellied Comet (Taphrolesbia griseiventris)
Aglaiocercus
Long-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus kingii)
Venezuelan Sylph (Aglaiocercus berlepschi)
Violet-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus coelestis)
Augastes
Hyacinth Visorbearer (Augastes scutatus)
Hooded Visorbearer (Augastes lumachella)
Schistes
Geoffroy’s Wedgebill (Schistes geoffroyi)
White-throated Wedgebill (Schistes albogularis)
Heliothryx
Purple-crowned Fairy (Heliothryx barroti)
Black-eared Fairy (Heliothryx auritus)
Heliactin
Horned Sungem (Heliactin bilophus)
Loddigesia
Marvelous Spatuletail (Loddigesia mirabilis)
Heliomaster
Plain-capped Starthroat (Heliomaster constantii)
Long-billed Starthroat (Heliomaster longirostris)
Stripe-breasted Starthroat (Heliomaster squamosus)
Blue-tufted Starthroat (Heliomaster furcifer)
Rhodopis
Oasis Hummingbird (Rhodopis vesper)
Thaumastura
Peruvian Sheartail (Thaumastura cora)
Tilmatura
Sparkling-tailed Woodstar (Tilmatura dupontii)
Doricha
Slender Sheartail (Doricha enicura)
Mexican Sheartail (Doricha eliza)
Calliphlox
Amethyst Woodstar (Calliphlox amethystina)
Bahama Woodstar (Calliphlox evelynae)
Inagua Woodstar (Calliphlox lyrura)
Magenta-throated Woodstar (Calliphlox bryantae)
Purple-throated Woodstar (Calliphlox mitchellii)
Microstilbon
Slender-tailed Woodstar (Microstilbon burmeisteri)
Calothorax
Lucifer Sheartail (Calothorax lucifer)
Beautiful Sheartail (Calothorax pulcher)
Mellisuga
Vervain Hummingbird (Mellisuga minima)
Bee Hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae)
Archilochus
Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)
Calypte
Anna’s Hummingbird (Calypte anna)
Costa’s Hummingbird (Calypte costae)
Atthis
Bumblebee Hummingbird (Atthis heloisa)
Wine-throated Hummingbird (Atthis ellioti)
Myrtis
Purple-collared Woodstar (Myrtis fanny)
Eulidia
Chilean Woodstar (Eulidia yarrellii)
Myrmia
Short-tailed Woodstar (Myrmia micrura)
Chaetocercus
White-bellied Woodstar (Chaetocercus mulsant)
Little Woodstar (Chaetocercus bombus)
Gorgeted Woodstar (Chaetocercus heliodor)
Santa Marta Woodstar (Chaetocercus astreans)
Esmeraldas Woodstar (Chaetocercus berlepschi)
Rufous-shafted Woodstar (Chaetocercus jourdanii)
Selasphorus
Broad-tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus)
Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)
Allen’s Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin)
Volcano Hummingbird (Selasphorus flammula)
Glow-throated Hummingbird (Selasphorus ardens)
Scintillant Hummingbird (Selasphorus scintilla)
Calliope Hummingbird (Selasphorus calliope)

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On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Donna L. Watkins
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Michael Woodruff’s Fotostream
Ray’s Wildlife Photography
Reinier’s Wildstock Photos Gallery
Robert Scanlon’s Gallery


Back to Family Page – CLICK HERE

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Articles Mentioning Birds From This Family:

Other Websites that have photos of this Family:

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Hummingbirds are birds that comprise the family Trochilidae. They are among the smallest of birds, most species measuring in the 3–5 in (7.5–13 cm) range. Indeed, the smallest extant bird species is a hummingbird, the 5-cm Bee Hummingbird. They hover in mid-air by rapidly flapping their wings 12–80 times per second (depending on the species). They are known as hummingbirds because of the humming sound created by their beating wings, which sometimes sounds like bees or other insects. To conserve energy while they sleep or when food is scarce, they have the ability to go into a hibernation-like state (torpor) where their metabolic rate is slowed to 1/15th of its normal rate. When the nights get colder, their body temperature can drop significantly and thus slow down their heart and breathing rate, thus burning much less energy overnight. As the day heats back up, the hummingbird’s body temperature will come back up and they resume their normal activity.  They are also the only group of birds with the ability to fly backward. They can fly at speeds exceeding 15 m/s (54 km/h; 34 mph). Individuals from some species of hummingbirds weigh less than a penny. (Wikipedia with editing)

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Fiery-throated hummingbirds by Ray’s Wildlife Photography, one of our photographers.

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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