Icteridae – Oropendolas, Orioles & Blackbirds

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) by Bob-Nan

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) by Bob-Nan

Also, to every beast of the earth, to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food”; and it was so. (Genesis 1:30 NKJV

CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family – Icteridae – Oropendolas, Orioles & Blackbirds

*100 Percent of Images
Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (109)

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus) by Quy Tran
Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)Article – Article2
Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna) by Bob-Nan – Contrasts by Kent Nickell
____ (Sturnella magna magna) IBC
____ (Sturnella magna alticola) Video IBC
____ (Sturnella magna mexicana) Video IBC
____ (Sturnella magna hippocrepis) Video IBC
Red-breasted Blackbird (Sturnella militaris) by DavesBP
White-browed Blackbird (Sturnella superciliaris) by Dario Sanches
Peruvian Meadowlark (Sturnella bellicosa) By BirdPhotos.Com
____ (Sturnella bellicosa bellicosa) Video IBC
____ (Sturnella bellicosa albipes) Video IBC
Long-tailed Meadowlark (Sturnella loyca) by Daves BirdingPix
____ (Sturnella loyca loyca) by BirdPhotos.com
Pampas Meadowlark (Sturnella defilippii) Video IBC
Yellow-billed Cacique (Amblycercus holosericeus) IBC
____ (Amblycercus holosericeus holosericeus) Video IBC
____ (Amblycercus holosericeus australis) IBC
Mexican Cacique (Cassiculus melanicterus) Video IBC
Chestnut-headed Oropendola (Psarocolius wagleri) ©WikiC
____ (Psarocolius wagleri wagleri) Video IBC
Russet-backed Oropendola (Psarocolius angustifrons) by Kent Nickell
____ (Psarocolius angustifrons oleagineus) IBC
____ (Psarocolius angustifrons angustifrons) Video IBC
____ (Psarocolius angustifrons alfredi) & Video IBC
Dusky-green Oropendola (Psarocolius atrovirens) by BirdPhotos.Com
Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus) by Lee
____ (Psarocolius decumanus insularis) IBC
____ (Psarocolius decumanus decumanus) Video IBC
____ (Psarocolius decumanus maculosus) ©©CDTimm – Video IBC
Green Oropendola (Psarocolius viridis) ©WikiC
Olive Oropendola (Psarocolius bifasciatus) ©©Cdermoidhome
____ (Psarocolius bifasciatus yuracares) Flickr
____ (Psarocolius bifasciatus bifasciatus) ©©Cdermoidhome
Montezuma Oropendola (Psarocolius montezuma) by BirdPhotos.Com
Black Oropendola (Psarocolius guatimozinus) YouTube
Baudo Oropendola (Psarocolius cassini) ©©Columbia Travel
Solitary Cacique (Cacicus solitarius) by BirdPhotos.Com
Golden-winged Cacique (Cacicus chrysopterus) by Dario Sanches
Selva Cacique (Cacicus koepckeae) ©Flickr
Ecuadorian Cacique (Cacicus sclateri) Go2Peru – Drawing ©WikiC
Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela) by KNickell – Article
____ (Cacicus cela vitellinus) Video IBC
____ (Cacicus cela cela) IBC
Scarlet-rumped Cacique (Cacicus microrhynchus) IBC
____ (Cacicus microrhynchus microrhynchus) Video IBC
Subtropical Cacique (Cacicus uropygialis) IBC
Northern Mountain Cacique (Cacicus leucoramphus) ©©fveronesi1
____ (Cacicus leucoramphus leucoramphus) IBC
Southern Mountain Cacique (Cacicus chrysonotus) Video IBC
Band-tailed Oropendola (Cacicus latirostris)  WorldBirds – Sounds
Casqued Oropendola (Cacicus oseryi) by Kent Nickell
Red-rumped Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous) by BirdPhotos.Com
____ (Cacicus haemorrhous affinis) by BirdPhotos.com
Scott’s Oriole (Icterus parisorum) by DavesBP
Yellow-backed Oriole (Icterus chrysater) ©©jerryoldenettel
____ (Icterus chrysater chrysater) Video IBC
____ (Icterus chrysater mayensis) Video IBC
____ (Icterus chrysater giraudii) ©©barloventomagico
Audubon’s Oriole (Icterus graduacauda) by Kent Nickell
____ (Icterus graduacauda audubonii) IBC
Jamaican Oriole (Icterus leucopteryx) ©WikiC
Orange Oriole (Icterus auratus) IBC – Drawing©WikiC
Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis) by DavesBP
____ (Icterus gularis tamaulipensis) Video IBC
____ (Icterus gularis yucatanensis) Video IBC
____ (Icterus gularis gularis) IBC
Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis) by BirdPhoto.com
____ (Icterus nigrogularis nigrogularis) IBC
____ (Icterus nigrogularis helioeides) IBC
Bullock’s Oriole (Icterus bullockii) ©WikiC
Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus) ©©campylopterus
____ (Icterus pustulatus microstictus) Video IBC
____ (Icterus pustulatus pustulatus) Video IBC
____ (Icterus pustulatus sclateri) Video IBC
Black-backed Oriole (Icterus abeillei) IBC
Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula) by SSlayton
Yellow-tailed Oriole (Icterus mesomelas) ©WikiC
____ (Icterus mesomelas mesomelas) Video IBC
Spot-breasted Oriole (Icterus pectoralis) by Kent Nickell
____ (Icterus pectoralis guttulatus) Video IBC
White-edged Oriole (Icterus graceannae) ©WikiC
Campo Troupial (Icterus jamacaii) ©©Dilson Santos
Venezuelan Troupial (Icterus icterus) by BirdPhotos.Com – Photo ©©Cqueulat00
____ (Icterus icterus icterus) Video by Keith Blomerley
____ (Icterus icterus ridgwayi) IBC
Orange-backed Troupial (Icterus croconotus) IBC
____ (Icterus croconotus croconotus)
____ (Icterus croconotus strictifrons) ©©CDTimm
Bar-winged Oriole (Icterus maculialatus) IBC
Black-vented Oriole (Icterus wagleri) ©©Len Blumin
____ (Icterus wagleri wagleri) Video IBC
Hooded Oriole (Icterus cucullatus) by DavesBP
Black-cowled Oriole (Icterus prosthemelas) by ReinierM
____ (Icterus prosthemelas praecox) Video IBC
Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius) by Kent Nickell
Ochre Oriole (Icterus fuertesi) IBC
Cuban Oriole (Icterus melanopsis) IBC
Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi) ©WikiC Critically EndangeredStamp Photo
Martinique Oriole (Icterus bonana) Flickr
Puerto Rican Oriole (Icterus portoricensis) IBC
Montserrat Oriole (Icterus oberi) ©WikiC – Article
St. Lucia Oriole (Icterus laudabilis) IBC
Hispaniolan Oriole (Icterus dominicensis) Video IBC
Orange-crowned Oriole (Icterus auricapillus) IBC
Variable Oriole (Icterus pyrrhopterus) ©©CTimm
____ (Icterus pyrrhopterus periporphyrus) Video IBC
____ (Icterus pyrrhopterus pyrrhopterus) IBC
____ (Icterus pyrrhopterus tibialis) Video IBC
Epaulet Oriole (Icterus cayanensis) DavesBP
____ (Icterus cayanensis cayanensis) by Dario Sanches
Jamaican Blackbird (Nesopsar nigerrimus) ©WikiC
Yellow-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius xanthomus) ©WikiC
Tawny-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius humeralis) IBC
____ (Agelaius humeralis scopulus) Video IBC
Tricolored Blackbird (Agelaius tricolor) ©USFWS
Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) by Lee – Articles
Red-shouldered Blackbird (Agelaius assimilis) Video IBC
Screaming Cowbird (Molothrus rufoaxillaris) ©WikiC
Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) by Kent Nickell
____ (Molothrus bonariensis minimus) Video IBC
____ (Molothrus bonariensis aequatorialis) Video IBC
____ (Molothrus bonariensis bonariensis) IBC
Bronzed Cowbird (Molothrus aeneus) by Kent Nickell
____ (Molothrus aeneus loyei) ©WikiC
____ (Molothrus aeneus assimilis) IBC
____ (Molothrus aeneus aeneus) by BirdPhotos.com
Bronze-brown Cowbird (Molothrus armenti) ©WikiC
Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) by Lee
Scrub Blackbird (Dives warczewiczi) by Ian
____ (Dives warczewiczi warczewiczi) by BirdPhotos.com
____ (Dives warczewiczi kalinowskii) Video IBC
Melodious Blackbird (Dives dives) ©WikiC
Cuban Blackbird (Ptiloxena atroviolacea) ©WikiC
Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus) by DavesBP
Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus) by Ian
Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) by Raymond Barlow
____ (Quiscalus quiscula versicolor) IBC
Nicaraguan Grackle (Quiscalus nicaraguensis) IBC
Carib Grackle (Quiscalus lugubris) by Ian
____ (Quiscalus lugubris guadeloupensis) IBC
____ (Quiscalus lugubris fortirostris) IBC
____ (Quiscalus lugubris lugubris) IBC
Greater Antillean Grackle (Quiscalus niger) by DavesBP
____ (Quiscalus niger caribaeus) Video IBC
____ (Quiscalus niger gundlachii) ©WikiC
____ (Quiscalus niger crassirostris) ©WikiC
____ (Quiscalus niger brachypterus) ©WikiC
Boat-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus major) by Dan
____ (Quiscalus major torreyi) Video IBC
Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus) by DavesBP
____ (Quiscalus mexicanus monsoni) Video IBC
____ (Quiscalus mexicanus mexicanus) IBC
____ (Quiscalus mexicanus loweryi) Video IBC
____ (Quiscalus mexicanus peruvianus) IBC
Slender-billed Grackle (Quiscalus palustris) Extinct?
Red-bellied Grackle (Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster) IBC
Velvet-fronted Grackle (Lampropsar tanagrinus) Flickr
Oriole Blackbird (Gymnomystax mexicanus) by BirdPhotos.com
Colombian Mountain Grackle (Macroagelaius subalaris) IBC
Golden-tufted Mountain Grackle (Macroagelaius imthurni) IBC
Austral Blackbird (Curaeus curaeus) by DavesBP
____ (Curaeus curaeus curaeus) IBC
____ (Curaeus curaeus recurvirostris) IBC
Scarlet-headed Blackbird (Amblyramphus holosericeus) by Lee
Forbes’s Blackbird (Anumara forbesi) IBC
Chopi Blackbird (Gnorimopsar chopi) by BirdPhotos.Com
____ (Gnorimopsar chopi sulcirostris) IBC
____ (Gnorimopsar chopi chopi) IBC
Bolivian Blackbird (Oreopsar bolivianus) ©Flickr
Baywing (Agelaioides badius) by BirdPhotos.Com
____ (Agelaioides badius badius) ©©CDTimm
Pale Baywing (Agelaioides fringillarius) ©WikiC (4.4)
Yellow-winged Blackbird (Agelasticus thilius) ©©CDTimm
____ (Agelasticus thilius thilius) Video IBC
____ (Agelasticus thilius petersii) ©©CDTimm
Pale-eyed Blackbird (Agelasticus xanthophthalmus) Flickr
Unicolored Blackbird (Agelasticus cyanopus) by BirdPhotos.Com
____ (Agelasticus cyanopus cyanopus) ©©CDTimm
Chestnut-capped Blackbird (Chrysomus ruficapillus) IBC
____ (Chrysomus ruficapillus ruficapillus) by Dario Sanches
Yellow-hooded Blackbird (Chrysomus icterocephalus) by Kent Nickell
Saffron-cowled Blackbird (Xanthopsar flavus) ©©LipKee
Brown-and-yellow Marshbird (Pseudoleistes virescens) ©©CDTimm
Yellow-rumped Marshbird (Pseudoleistes guirahuro) ©©CDTimm


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their sight to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia. “†” indicates the bird is extinct. *LLABS* means it is on Our Life List of All Birds Seen.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:

Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Kent Nickell
Ray’s Wildlife Photography
Reinier’s Wildstock Photos Gallery
SSlayton – Fotobirder at Smugmug

Back to Family Page – CLICK HERE


Photos missing for this family are listed below. If you have one you would allow us permission to use or let us link to your photo, please leave a comment. Thanks.

  • Band-tailed Oropendola (Ocyalus latirostris)
  • Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi) Critically Endangered
  • Bronze-brown Cowbird (Molothrus armenti)

*Articles Mentioning Birds From This Family:

Other Websites that have photos of this Family:

Icterids make up a family (Icteridae) of small to medium-sized, often colorful passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most species have black as a predominant plumage color, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. The family is extremely varied in size, shape, behavior and coloration. The name, meaning “jaundiced ones” (from the prominent yellow feathers of many species) comes from the Ancient Greek ikteros, through the Latin ictericus. This group includes the New World blackbirds, New World orioles, the Bobolink, meadowlarks, grackles, cowbirds, oropendolas and caciques.

Despite the similar names, the first groups are only distantly related to the Old World Blackbird (a thrush) or the Old World orioles.

The majority of icterid species live in the tropics, although there are a number of temperate forms, such as American blackbirds and the Long-tailed Meadowlark. The highest densities of breeding species are found in Colombia and in southern Mexico. They inhabit a range of habitats, including scrub, swamp, forest, and savannah. Temperate species are migratory, with many species that nest in the United States and Canada moving south into Mexico and Central America.

Some of the Family

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3 thoughts on “Icteridae – Oropendolas, Orioles & Blackbirds

  1. Pingback: The Christmas Bird? « Lee's Birdwatching Adventures Plus | The Bird Watching Site

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