Caprimulgidae – Nightjars

Nighthawk by Neil Addy Gallery

Nighthawk by Neil Addy Gallery

And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, (Deuteronomy 14:15 KJV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – CAPRIMULGIFORMES, Family – Caprimulgidae – Nightjars

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (98)

Spotted Nightjar (Eurostopodus argus)
White-throated Nightjar (Eurostopodus mystacalis)
Solomons Nightjar (Eurostopodus nigripennis)
New Caledonian Nightjar (Eurostopodus exul)
Satanic Nightjar (Eurostopodus diabolicus)
Papuan Nightjar (Eurostopodus papuensis)
Archbold’s Nightjar (Eurostopodus archboldi)
Malaysian Eared Nightjar (Lyncornis temminckii)
Great Eared Nightjar (Lyncornis macrotis)
Collared Nightjar (Gactornis enarratus)
Nacunda Nighthawk (Chordeiles nacunda)
Least Nighthawk (Chordeiles pusillus)
Sand-colored Nighthawk (Chordeiles rupestris)
Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis)
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)
Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii)
Short-tailed Nighthawk (Lurocalis semitorquatus)
Rufous-bellied Nighthawk (Lurocalis rufiventris)
Band-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne leucopyga)
Plain-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne vielliardi)
Blackish Nightjar (Nyctipolus nigrescens)
Pygmy Nightjar (Nyctipolus hirundinaceus)
Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis)
Anthony’s Nightjar (Nyctidromus anthonyi)
Todd’s Nightjar (Setopagis heterura)
Little Nightjar (Setopagis parvula)
Roraiman Nightjar (Setopagis whitelyi)
Cayenne Nightjar (Setopagis maculosa)
Sickle-winged Nightjar (Eleothreptus anomalus)
White-winged Nightjar (Eleothreptus candicans)
Band-winged Nightjar (Systellura longirostris)
Tschudi’s Nightjar (Systellura decussata)
Swallow-tailed Nightjar (Uropsalis segmentata)
Lyre-tailed Nightjar (Uropsalis lyra)
White-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis cayennensis)
Spot-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis maculicaudus)
Ladder-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis climacocerca)
Scissor-tailed Nightjar (Hydropsalis torquata)
Long-trained Nightjar (Macropsalis forcipata)
Least Poorwill (Siphonorhis brewsteri)
Jamaican Poorwill (Siphonorhis americana)
Choco Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi)
Eared Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus mcleodii)
Yucatan Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus)
Ocellated Poorwill (Nyctiphrynus ocellatus)
Common Poorwill (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii)
Chuck-will’s-widow (Antrostomus carolinensis)
Rufous Nightjar (Antrostomus rufus)
Cuban Nightjar (Antrostomus cubanensis)
Hispaniolan Nightjar (Antrostomus ekmani)
Tawny-collared Nightjar (Antrostomus salvini)
Yucatan Nightjar (Antrostomus badius)
Silky-tailed Nightjar (Antrostomus sericocaudatus)
Buff-collared Nightjar (Antrostomus ridgwayi)
Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus)
Mexican Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus arizonae)
Puerto Rican Nightjar (Antrostomus noctitherus)
Dusky Nightjar (Antrostomus saturatus)
Brown Nightjar (Veles binotatus)
Red-necked Nightjar (Caprimulgus ruficollis)
Jungle Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus)
Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka)
Palau Nightjar (Caprimulgus phalaena)
European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus)
Sombre Nightjar (Caprimulgus fraenatus)
Rufous-cheeked Nightjar (Caprimulgus rufigena)
Egyptian Nightjar (Caprimulgus aegyptius)
Sykes’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus mahrattensis)
Vaurie’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus centralasicus)
Nubian Nightjar (Caprimulgus nubicus)
Golden Nightjar (Caprimulgus eximius)
Jerdon’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus atripennis)
Large-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus)
Mees’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus meesi)
Andaman Nightjar (Caprimulgus andamanicus)
Philippine Nightjar (Caprimulgus manillensis)
Sulawesi Nightjar (Caprimulgus celebensis)
Donaldson Smith’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus donaldsoni)
Black-shouldered Nightjar (Caprimulgus nigriscapularis)
Fiery-necked Nightjar (Caprimulgus pectoralis)
Montane Nightjar (Caprimulgus poliocephalus)
Indian Nightjar (Caprimulgus asiaticus)
Madagascan Nightjar (Caprimulgus madagascariensis)
Swamp Nightjar (Caprimulgus natalensis)
Nechisar Nightjar (Caprimulgus solala)
Plain Nightjar (Caprimulgus inornatus)
Star-spotted Nightjar (Caprimulgus stellatus)
Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis)
Freckled Nightjar (Caprimulgus tristigma)
Bonaparte’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus concretus)
Salvadori’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus pulchellus)
Prigogine’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus prigoginei)
Bates’s Nightjar (Caprimulgus batesi)
Long-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus climacurus)
Slender-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus clarus)
Square-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus fossii)
Standard-winged Nightjar (Caprimulgus longipennis)
Pennant-winged Nightjar (Caprimulgus vexillarius)


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©Arthur Grosset’s Birds
BirdsInFocus (Judd Patterson)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Keith Blomerley – Videographer
Michael Woodruff’s Fotostream
Neal Addy Galleries
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
Peter Ericsson’s Gallery
Robert Scanlon’s Gallery
Tom Tarrant’s Aveceda

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Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal or crepuscular birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills. They are sometimes referred to as goatsuckers from the mistaken belief that they suck milk from goats (the Latin for goatsucker is Caprimulgus). Some New World species are named as nighthawks. Nightjars usually nest on the ground.

Nightjars are found around the world. They are mostly active in the late evening and early morning or at night, and feed predominantly on moths and other large flying insects.

Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is cryptically coloured to resemble bark or leaves. Some species, unusual for birds, perch along a branch, rather than across it. This helps to conceal them during the day. Bracken is their preferred habitat. (Wikipedia with editing)

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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