Hirundinidae – Swallows, Martins

Barn Swallow ( ) by William Kwong

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) by William Kwong

Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God. (Psalms 84:3 KJV)

CLASS – AVES, Order – PASSERIFORMES, Family –  Hirundinidae – Swallows, martins

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (88)

African River Martin (Pseudochelidon eurystomina)
White-eyed River Martin (Pseudochelidon sirintarae)
Square-tailed Saw-wing (Psalidoprocne nitens)
Mountain Saw-wing (Psalidoprocne fuliginosa)
White-headed Saw-wing (Psalidoprocne albiceps)
Black Saw-wing (Psalidoprocne pristoptera)
Fanti Saw-wing (Psalidoprocne obscura)
Grey-rumped Swallow (Pseudhirundo griseopyga)
White-backed Swallow (Cheramoeca leucosterna)
Mascarene Martin (Phedina borbonica)
Brazza’s Martin (Phedina brazzae)
Brown-throated Martin (Riparia paludicola)
Grey-throated Martin (Riparia chinensis)
Congo Martin (Riparia congica)
Sand Martin (Riparia riparia)
Pale Martin (Riparia diluta)
Banded Martin (Riparia cincta)
Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)
Mangrove Swallow (Tachycineta albilinea)
Tumbes Swallow (Tachycineta stolzmanni)
White-winged Swallow (Tachycineta albiventer)
White-rumped Swallow (Tachycineta leucorrhoa)
Chilean Swallow (Tachycineta leucopyga)
Golden Swallow (Tachycineta euchrysea)
Violet-green Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina)
Bahama Swallow (Tachycineta cyaneoviridis)
Purple Martin (Progne subis)
Cuban Martin (Progne cryptoleuca)
Caribbean Martin (Progne dominicensis)
Sinaloa Martin (Progne sinaloae)
Grey-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea)
Galapagos Martin (Progne modesta)
Peruvian Martin (Progne murphyi)
Southern Martin (Progne elegans)
Brown-chested Martin (Progne tapera)
Blue-and-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca)
Brown-bellied Swallow (Notiochelidon murina)
Pale-footed Swallow (Notiochelidon flavipes)
Black-capped Swallow (Notiochelidon pileata)
Andean Swallow (Haplochelidon andecola)
White-banded Swallow (Atticora fasciata)
Black-collared Swallow (Atticora melanoleuca)
White-thighed Swallow (Neochelidon tibialis)
Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
Tawny-headed Swallow (Alopochelidon fucata)
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
Red-chested Swallow (Hirundo lucida)
Angolan Swallow (Hirundo angolensis)
Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)
Hill Swallow (Hirundo domicola)
Welcome Swallow (Hirundo neoxena)
White-throated Swallow (Hirundo albigularis)
Ethiopian Swallow (Hirundo aethiopica)
Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii)
Blue Swallow (Hirundo atrocaerulea)
White-bibbed Swallow (Hirundo nigrita)
Pied-winged Swallow (Hirundo leucosoma)
White-tailed Swallow (Hirundo megaensis)
Black-and-rufous Swallow (Hirundo nigrorufa)
Pearl-breasted Swallow (Hirundo dimidiata)
Eurasian Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne rupestris)
Pale Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne obsoleta)
Rock Martin (Ptyonoprogne fuligula)
Dusky Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne concolor)
Common House Martin (Delichon urbicum)
Asian House Martin (Delichon dasypus)
Nepal House Martin (Delichon nipalense)
Greater Striped Swallow (Cecropis cucullata)
Lesser Striped Swallow (Cecropis abyssinica)
Red-breasted Swallow (Cecropis semirufa)
Mosque Swallow (Cecropis senegalensis)
Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica)
Sri Lanka Swallow (Cecropis hyperythra)
West African Swallow (Cecropis domicella)
Striated Swallow (Cecropis striolata)
Rufous-bellied Swallow (Cecropis badia)
Red-throated Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon rufigula)
Preuss’s Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon preussi)
Red Sea Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon perdita)
South African Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon spilodera)
Forest Swallow (Petrochelidon fuliginosa)
Streak-throated Swallow (Petrochelidon fluvicola)
Fairy Martin (Petrochelidon ariel)
Tree Martin (Petrochelidon nigricans)
American Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
Cave Swallow (Petrochelidon fulva)
Chestnut-collared Swallow (Petrochelidon rufocollaris)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Clement Francis Bird Photography
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Keith Blomerley – Videographer
Nick Talbot – Videographer
Ray’s Wildlife Photography
Tom Tarrant’s Aveceda
William Kwong’s Galleries

Back to Family Page – CLICK HERE

Articles Mentioning Birds From This Family:

Other Websites that have photos of this Family:

The swallows and martins are a group of passerine birds in the family Hirundinidae which are characterised by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Swallow is used colloquially in Europe as a synonym for the Barn Swallow.

This family comprises two subfamilies: Pseudochelidoninae (the river martins of the genus Pseudochelidon) and Hirundininae (all other swallows and martins). Within the Old World, the name “martin” tends to be used for the squarer-tailed species, and the name “swallow” for the more fork-tailed species; however, there is no scientific distinction between these two groups.[1] Within the New World, “martin” is reserved for members of the genus Progne. (These two systems are responsible for the Sand Martin being called “Bank Swallow” in the New World.)

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:


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