Columbidae – Pigeons, Doves

Emerald-spotted_Wood-Dove by Dave's BirdingPix

Emerald-spotted_Wood-Dove (Turtur chalcospilos) by Dave’s BirdingPix

The flowers have already appeared in the land; The time has arrived for pruning the vines, And the voice of the turtledove has been heard in our land. (Song of Solomon 2:12 NASB)

CLASS – AVES, Order – COLUMBIFORMES, Family – Columbidae – Pigeons, Doves

Latest I.O.C. Version
Species (343)

Rock Dove (Columba livia)
Hill Pigeon (Columba rupestris)
Snow Pigeon (Columba leuconota)
Speckled Pigeon (Columba guinea)
White-collared Pigeon (Columba albitorques)
Stock Dove (Columba oenas)
Yellow-eyed Pigeon (Columba eversmanni)
Somali Pigeon (Columba oliviae)
Common Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus)
Trocaz Pigeon (Columba trocaz)
Bolle’s Pigeon (Columba bollii)
Laurel Pigeon (Columba junoniae)
Afep Pigeon (Columba unicincta)
African Olive Pigeon (Columba arquatrix)
Cameroon Olive Pigeon (Columba sjostedti)
Sao Tome Olive Pigeon (Columba thomensis)
Comoros Olive Pigeon (Columba pollenii)
Speckled Wood Pigeon (Columba hodgsonii)
White-naped Pigeon (Columba albinucha)
Ashy Wood Pigeon (Columba pulchricollis)
Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii)
Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon (Columba torringtoniae)
Pale-capped Pigeon (Columba punicea)
Silvery Pigeon (Columba argentina)
Andaman Wood Pigeon (Columba palumboides)
Japanese Wood Pigeon (Columba janthina)
Bonin Wood Pigeon (Columba versicolor)
Ryukyu Wood Pigeon (Columba jouyi)
Metallic Pigeon (Columba vitiensis)
White-headed Pigeon (Columba leucomela)
Yellow-legged Pigeon (Columba pallidiceps)
Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon (Columba delegorguei)
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon (Columba iriditorques)
Island Bronze-naped Pigeon (Columba malherbii)
Lemon Dove (Columba larvata)
White-crowned Pigeon (Patagioenas leucocephala)
Scaly-naped Pigeon (Patagioenas squamosa)
Scaled Pigeon (Patagioenas speciosa)
Picazuro Pigeon (Patagioenas picazuro)
Bare-eyed Pigeon (Patagioenas corensis)
Spot-winged Pigeon (Patagioenas maculosa)
Band-tailed Pigeon (Patagioenas fasciata)
Chilean Pigeon (Patagioenas araucana)
Ring-tailed Pigeon (Patagioenas caribaea)
Pale-vented Pigeon (Patagioenas cayennensis)
Red-billed Pigeon (Patagioenas flavirostris)
Maranon Pigeon (Patagioenas oenops)
Plain Pigeon (Patagioenas inornata)
Plumbeous Pigeon (Patagioenas plumbea)
Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea)
Short-billed Pigeon (Patagioenas nigrirostris)
Dusky Pigeon (Patagioenas goodsoni)
Malagasy Turtle Dove (Nesoenas picturatus)
Rodrigues Pigeon (Nesoenas rodericanus)
Pink Pigeon (Nesoenas mayeri)
European Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur)
Dusky Turtle Dove (Streptopelia lugens)
Adamawa Turtle Dove (Streptopelia hypopyrrha)
Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis)
Island Collared Dove (Streptopelia bitorquata)
Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)
African Collared Dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea)
White-winged Collared Dove (Streptopelia reichenowi)
Mourning Collared Dove (Streptopelia decipiens)
Red-eyed Dove (Streptopelia semitorquata)
Ring-necked Dove (Streptopelia capicola)
Vinaceous Dove (Streptopelia vinacea)
Red Turtle Dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica)
Spotted Dove (Spilopelia chinensis)
Laughing Dove (Spilopelia senegalensis)
Barred Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia unchall)
Amboyna Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia amboinensis)
Sultan’s Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia doreya)
Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia emiliana)
Enggano Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia cinnamomea)
Barusan Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia modiglianii)
Timor Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia magna)
Tanimbar Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia timorlaoensis)
Flores Sea Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia macassariensis)
Philippine Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia tenuirostris)
Brown Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia phasianella)
Andaman Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia rufipennis)
Bar-tailed Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia nigrirostris)
MacKinlay’s Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia mackinlayi)
Little Cuckoo-Dove (Macropygia ruficeps)
Great Cuckoo-Dove (Reinwardtoena reinwardti)
Pied Cuckoo-Dove (Reinwardtoena browni)
Crested Cuckoo-Dove (Reinwardtoena crassirostris)
White-faced Cuckoo-Dove (Turacoena manadensis)
Sula Cuckoo-Dove (Turacoena sulaensis)
Black Cuckoo-Dove (Turacoena modesta)
Emerald-spotted Wood Dove (Turtur chalcospilos)
Black-billed Wood Dove (Turtur abyssinicus)
Blue-spotted Wood Dove (Turtur afer)
Tambourine Dove (Turtur tympanistria)
Blue-headed Wood Dove (Turtur brehmeri)
Namaqua Dove (Oena capensis)
Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)
Pacific Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps longirostris)
Stephan’s Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps stephani)
New Guinea Bronzewing (Henicophaps albifrons)
New Britain Bronzewing (Henicophaps foersteri)
Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera)
Brush Bronzewing (Phaps elegans)
Flock Bronzewing (Phaps histrionica)
Crested Pigeon (Ocyphaps lophotes)
Spinifex Pigeon (Geophaps plumifera)
Squatter Pigeon (Geophaps scripta)
Partridge Pigeon (Geophaps smithii)
Thick-billed Ground Pigeon (Trugon terrestris)
Wonga Pigeon (Leucosarcia melanoleuca)
Chestnut-quilled Rock Pigeon (Petrophassa rufipennis)
White-quilled Rock Pigeon (Petrophassa albipennis)
Diamond Dove (Geopelia cuneata)
Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata)
Peaceful Dove (Geopelia placida)
Barred Dove (Geopelia maugeus)
Bar-shouldered Dove (Geopelia humeralis)
Inca Dove (Columbina inca)
Scaled Dove (Columbina squammata)
Common Ground Dove (Columbina passerina)
Plain-breasted Ground Dove (Columbina minuta)
Ecuadorian Ground Dove (Columbina buckleyi)
Ruddy Ground Dove (Columbina talpacoti)
Picui Ground Dove (Columbina picui)
Croaking Ground Dove (Columbina cruziana)
Blue-eyed Ground Dove (Columbina cyanopis)
Blue Ground Dove (Claravis pretiosa)
Purple-winged Ground Dove (Claravis geoffroyi)
Maroon-chested Ground Dove (Claravis mondetoura)
Bare-faced Ground Dove (Metriopelia ceciliae)
Moreno’s Ground Dove (Metriopelia morenoi)
Black-winged Ground Dove (Metriopelia melanoptera)
Golden-spotted Ground Dove (Metriopelia aymara)
Long-tailed Ground Dove (Uropelia campestris)
Blue-headed Quail-Dove (Starnoenas cyanocephala)
Indigo-crowned Quail-Dove (Geotrygon purpurata)
Sapphire Quail-Dove (Geotrygon saphirina)
Crested Quail-Dove (Geotrygon versicolor)
Ruddy Quail-Dove (Geotrygon montana)
Violaceous Quail-Dove (Geotrygon violacea)
Grey-fronted Quail-Dove (Geotrygon caniceps)
White-fronted Quail-Dove (Geotrygon leucometopia)
Key West Quail-Dove (Geotrygon chrysia)
Bridled Quail-Dove (Geotrygon mystacea)
Olive-backed Quail-Dove (Leptotrygon veraguensis)
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
Yungas Dove (Leptotila megalura)
Grey-fronted Dove (Leptotila rufaxilla)
Grey-headed Dove (Leptotila plumbeiceps)
Pallid Dove (Leptotila pallida)
Azuero Dove (Leptotila battyi)
Grenada Dove (Leptotila wellsi)
Caribbean Dove (Leptotila jamaicensis)
Grey-chested Dove (Leptotila cassinii)
Ochre-bellied Dove (Leptotila ochraceiventris)
Tolima Dove (Leptotila conoveri)
Tuxtla Quail-Dove (Zentrygon carrikeri)
Buff-fronted Quail-Dove (Zentrygon costaricensis)
Purplish-backed Quail-Dove (Zentrygon lawrencii)
White-faced Quail-Dove (Zentrygon albifacies)
White-throated Quail-Dove (Zentrygon frenata)
Lined Quail-Dove (Zentrygon linearis)
Chiriqui Quail-Dove (Zentrygon chiriquensis)
Russet-crowned Quail-Dove (Zentrygon goldmani)
Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius)
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
Socorro Dove (Zenaida graysoni)
Eared Dove (Zenaida auriculata)
Zenaida Dove (Zenaida aurita)
Galapagos Dove (Zenaida galapagoensis)
White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica)
West Peruvian Dove (Zenaida meloda)
Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica)
Spotted Green Pigeon (Caloenas maculata)
Sulawesi Ground Dove (Gallicolumba tristigmata)
Cinnamon Ground Dove (Gallicolumba rufigula)
Luzon Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba luzonica)
Mindanao Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba crinigera)
Mindoro Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba platenae)
Negros Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba keayi)
Sulu Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba menagei)
Wetar Ground Dove (Alopecoenas hoedtii)
White-breasted Ground Dove (Alopecoenas jobiensis)
White-fronted Ground Dove (Alopecoenas kubaryi)
Polynesian Ground Dove (Alopecoenas erythropterus)
White-throated Ground Dove (Alopecoenas xanthonurus)
Norfolk Ground Dove (Alopecoenas norfolkensis)
Tongan Ground Dove (Alopecoenas stairi)
Santa Cruz Ground Dove (Alopecoenas sanctaecrucis)
Tanna Ground Dove (Alopecoenas ferrugineus)
Thick-billed Ground Dove (Alopecoenas salamonis)
Marquesan Ground Dove (Alopecoenas rubescens)
Bronze Ground Dove (Alopecoenas beccarii)
Palau Ground Dove (Alopecoenas canifrons)
Choiseul Pigeon (Microgoura meeki)
Pheasant Pigeon (Otidiphaps nobilis)
Western Crowned Pigeon (Goura cristata)
Southern Crowned Pigeon (Goura scheepmakeri)
Victoria Crowned Pigeon (Goura victoria)
Dodo (Raphus cucullatus)
Rodrigues Solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria)
Tooth-billed Pigeon (Didunculus strigirostris)
White-eared Brown Dove (Phapitreron leucotis)
Amethyst Brown Dove (Phapitreron amethystinus)
Tawitawi Brown Dove (Phapitreron cinereiceps)
Mindanao Brown Dove (Phapitreron brunneiceps)
Cinnamon-headed Green Pigeon (Treron fulvicollis)
Little Green Pigeon (Treron olax)
Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans)
Orange-breasted Green Pigeon (Treron bicinctus)
Sri Lanka Green Pigeon (Treron pompadora)
Grey-fronted Green Pigeon (Treron affinis)
Ashy-headed Green Pigeon (Treron phayrei)
Andaman Green Pigeon (Treron chloropterus)
Philippine Green Pigeon (Treron axillaris)
Buru Green Pigeon (Treron aromaticus)
Thick-billed Green Pigeon (Treron curvirostra)
Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon (Treron griseicauda)
Sumba Green Pigeon (Treron teysmannii)
Flores Green Pigeon (Treron floris)
Timor Green Pigeon (Treron psittaceus)
Large Green Pigeon (Treron capellei)
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus)
Bruce’s Green Pigeon (Treron waalia)
Madagascan Green Pigeon (Treron australis)
Comoros Green Pigeon (Treron griveaudi)
African Green Pigeon (Treron calvus)
Pemba Green Pigeon (Treron pembaensis)
Sao Tome Green Pigeon (Treron sanctithomae)
Pin-tailed Green Pigeon (Treron apicauda)
Sumatran Green Pigeon (Treron oxyurus)
Yellow-vented Green Pigeon (Treron seimundi)
Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon (Treron sphenurus)
White-bellied Green Pigeon (Treron sieboldii)
Whistling Green Pigeon (Treron formosae)
Banded Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus cinctus)
Black-banded Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus alligator)
Red-naped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus dohertyi)
Pink-headed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus porphyreus)
Flame-breasted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus marchei)
Cream-breasted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus merrilli)
Yellow-breasted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus occipitalis)
Red-eared Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus fischeri)
Jambu Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus jambu)
Banggai Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus subgularis)
Oberholser’s Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus epius)
Sula Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus mangoliensis)
Black-chinned Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus leclancheri)
Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus bernsteinii)
Wompoo Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus magnificus)
Pink-spotted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus perlatus)
Ornate Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus ornatus)
Tanna Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus tannensis)
Orange-fronted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus aurantiifrons)
Wallace’s Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus wallacii)
Superb Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus superbus)
Many-colored Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus perousii)
Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus porphyraceus)
Purple-capped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus ponapensis)
Kosrae Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus hernsheimi)
Palau Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus pelewensis)
Lilac-crowned Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus rarotongensis)
Mariana Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus roseicapilla)
Rose-crowned Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus regina)
Silver-capped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus richardsii)
Grey-green Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus purpuratus)
Makatea Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus chalcurus)
Atoll Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus coralensis)
Red-bellied Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus greyi)
Rapa Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus huttoni)
White-capped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus dupetithouarsii)
Red-moustached Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus mercierii)
Henderson Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus insularis)
Coroneted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus coronulatus)
Beautiful Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus pulchellus)
Blue-capped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus monacha)
White-bibbed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus rivoli)
Yellow-bibbed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus solomonensis)
Claret-breasted Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus viridis)
White-headed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus eugeniae)
Orange-bellied Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus iozonus)
Knob-billed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus insolitus)
Grey-headed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus hyogastrus)
Carunculated Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus granulifrons)
Black-naped Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus melanospilus)
Dwarf Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus nainus)
Negros Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus arcanus)
Orange Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus victor)
Golden Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus luteovirens)
Whistling Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus layardi)
Cloven-feathered Dove (Drepanoptila holosericea)
Mauritius Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus)
Madagascan Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas madagascariensis)
Comoros Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas sganzini)
Seychelles Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas pulcherrimus)
Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula poliocephala)
White-bellied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula forsteni)
Mindoro Imperial Pigeon (Ducula mindorensis)
Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon (Ducula radiata)
Spotted Imperial Pigeon (Ducula carola)
Green Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aenea)
Nicobar Imperial Pigeon (Ducula nicobarica)
Spectacled Imperial Pigeon (Ducula perspicillata)
Seram Imperial Pigeon (Ducula neglecta)
Elegant Imperial Pigeon (Ducula concinna)
Pacific Imperial Pigeon (Ducula pacifica)
Micronesian Imperial Pigeon (Ducula oceanica)
Polynesian Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aurorae)
Marquesan Imperial Pigeon (Ducula galeata)
Red-knobbed Imperial Pigeon (Ducula rubricera)
Spice Imperial Pigeon (Ducula myristicivora)
Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon (Ducula rufigaster)
Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula basilica)
Finsch’s Imperial Pigeon (Ducula finschii)
Rufescent Imperial Pigeon (Ducula chalconota)
Island Imperial Pigeon (Ducula pistrinaria)
Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon (Ducula rosacea)
Christmas Imperial Pigeon (Ducula whartoni)
Grey Imperial Pigeon (Ducula pickeringii)
Barking Imperial Pigeon (Ducula latrans)
Chestnut-bellied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula brenchleyi)
Vanuatu Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bakeri)
Goliath Imperial Pigeon (Ducula goliath)
Pinon’s Imperial Pigeon (Ducula pinon)
Black Imperial Pigeon (Ducula melanochroa)
Collared Imperial Pigeon (Ducula mullerii)
Zoe’s Imperial Pigeon (Ducula zoeae)
Mountain Imperial Pigeon (Ducula badia)
Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon (Ducula lacernulata)
Timor Imperial Pigeon (Ducula cineracea)
Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor)
Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon (Ducula luctuosa)
Torresian Imperial Pigeon (Ducula spilorrhoa)
Yellowish Imperial Pigeon (Ducula subflavescens)
Topknot Pigeon (Lopholaimus antarcticus)
New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae)
Chatham Pigeon (Hemiphaga chathamensis)
Sombre Pigeon (Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa)
Papuan Mountain Pigeon (Gymnophaps albertisii)
Buru Mountain Pigeon (Gymnophaps mada)
Seram Mountain Pigeon (Gymnophaps stalkeri)
Pale Mountain Pigeon (Gymnophaps solomonensis)


On the photos or slides, a “by” indicates one of the photographers or videographers, who have given their permission, with links on our sidebar. Please visit their site to see many more fantastic shots, a “©©” copyright symbol indicates a photo from Creative Commons and ©WikiC is a Creative Commons photo from Wikipedia.

Photographers or Videographers used on this page from our sidebar, Photography, are:
Bob & Nan’s Gallery
Dan’s Pix (Dan)
Dave’s BirdingPix
Ian Montgomery’s Birdway
Keith Blomerley – Videographer
Kent Nickell
Margaret Sloan
Nick Talbot – Videographer
Nikhil Devasar’s Gallery
Peter Ericsson’s Gallery
Quy Tran Galleries
Reinier’s Wildstock Photos Gallery
Robert Scanlon’s Gallery

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Pigeons and doves constitute the bird clade Columbidae, that includes over 300 species. They are stout-bodied birds with short necks, and have short, slender bills with fleshy ceres. Doves feed on seeds, fruits, and plants.

This family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones.

In general, the terms “dove” and “pigeon” are used somewhat interchangeably. In ornithological practice, “dove” tends to be used for smaller species and “pigeon” for larger ones, but this is in no way consistently applied, and historically, the common names for these birds involve a great deal of variation between the terms. The species most commonly referred to as “pigeon” is the Feral Rock Pigeon, common in many cities. (Wikipedia with editing)

Some of the Family – Photos are Alphabetical down the columns:

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