“And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!” (Matthew 27:29 KJV)
“And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head,” (Mark 15:17 KJV)
“And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.” (John 19:2-3 KJV)
Avian and Attributes – Crowned/Crown
(1): (p. p. & a.) Great; excessive; supreme.
(2): (p. p. & a.) Having or wearing a crown; surmounted, invested, or adorned, with a crown, wreath, garland, etc.; honored; rewarded; completed; consummated; perfected.
(3): (imp. & p. p.) of Crown
[From Webster 1913 Dictionary]
“Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.” (Revelation 3:11 KJV)
Crowned II’s birds – Today we finish up with the last four “Crowned” birds:
Crowned Lapwing (Vanellus coronatus)
The Crowned Lapwing (Vanellus coronatus),, or crowned plover, is a bird of the lapwing subfamily that occurs contiguously from the Red Sea coast of Somalia to southern and southwestern Africa. It is an adaptable and numerous species, with bold and noisy habits. It is related to the more localized black-winged and Senegal lapwings, with which it shares some plumage characteristics.
Crowned lapwings prefer short, dry grassland which may be overgrazed or burnt, but avoid mountains. In higher-rainfall areas such as parts of Zambia and Zimbabwe, they occur mainly as dry-season visitors. In dry regions of northern Botswana, however, they are attracted in large numbers when good rainfall occurs. In southern Africa their highest concentrations are to be found in the dry central Kalahari region. They are members of the Charadriidae – Plovers Family
Crowned Sandgrouse (Pterocles coronatus)
The Crowned Sandgrouse (Pterocles coronatus) occurs in North Africa and south Asia and is found from Mauritania in the west through the Middle East to Pakistan. A fairly small sandgrouse which appears rather uniformy coloured from a distance except for darker flight feathers, the wholly dark flight fetahers being the best feature to identify Crowned Sandgrouse from the similar Spotted Sandgrouse. The dark flight feathers contrast with the sandy upper wing coverts and the creamy underwing coverts.
The crowned sandgrouse is a bird of deserts, preferring stony deserts rather than sandy ones. In North Africa breeds among dark red sandstone which matches its plumage colour. Avoids areas with too much vegetation. They are members of the Pteroclidae – Sandgrouse Family.
Crowned Slaty Flycatcher (Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus)
The Crowned Slaty Flycatcher (Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers. It was formerly united in the genus Empidonomus with the variegated flycatcher, but is now considered the only species of Griseotyrannus. The name Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus means “orange-black crested gray Tyrannus”. Its binomial is the longest of any bird species, fifteen syllables when spoken aloud.
It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
The crowned slaty flycatcher migrates into the mostly western and central Amazon basin as a non-breeding resident, except in the southeast bordering the Cerrado and Pantanal, where it is resident in much of the western cerrado and southwards; the migration occurs during the austral winter. Members of the Tyrannidae – Tyrant Flycatchers Family.
Crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica)
Crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica)
The Crowned Woodnymph is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae – Hummingbirds Family. It is found in Belize and Guatemala to northern Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.
Taxonomically, the species is confusing. The AOU currently lumps the violet-crowned woodnymph and the green-crowned woodnymph together here. It also includes the taxon hypochlora (emerald-bellied woodnymph) from south-western Ecuador and adjacent Peru here. All are sometimes considered distinct by other taxonomists.
It also formerly included the Mexican woodnymph as subspecies.
See Part I – Avian and Attributes – Crowned I
[Definitions from Webster’s Dictionary of American English (1828), unless noted. Bird info from Wikipedia plus. (with editing)]